Optimization of Allium sativum solvent extraction for the inhibition of in vitro growth of Helicobacter pylori.


Canizares P, Gracia I, Gomez LA, Martin de Argila C, de Rafael L, Garcia A.




Biotechnol Prog


Helicobacter pylori (Hp) is the bacterium responsible for serious gastric diseases such as ulcers and cancer. The work described here involved the study of the inhibitory power of Allium sativum extracts against the in vitro growth of Hp (Hp ivg). We used purple garlic of the "Las Pedroneras" variety for this study. The effects of two different extraction methods (Soxhlet, stirred tank extractor) and four solvents with different characteristics (water, acetone, ethanol, and hexane) were investigated in terms of the efficiency of the extraction process. Satisfactory results were obtained in most cases in the activity tests, indicating that different extracts gave rise to good inhibitory activity against Hp ivg. The extracts that showed the highest bacteriostatic activities were selected to evaluate the influence of the most important operation variables on the extraction yield: stirring speed, operation time, garlic conditioning, and garlic storage time. The best results were obtained using ethanol and acetone as solvents in a stirred tank. The inhibitory powers of these extracts were compared to those shown by some commercial antibiotics used in the medical treatment of Hp infections. The results of this study show that garlic extracts produce levels of inhibition similar to those of the commercial materials. These extracts were also tested against other common bacteria, and equally satisfactory results were obtained. The research described here represents an important starting point in the fight against and/or prevention of peptic ulcers, as well as other pathologies associated with Hp infections such us gastric cancer. The extracted material can be used by direct application and involves a simple and economical extraction procedure that avoids isolation or purification techniques.