Food consumption and risk of UTI’s.

Date:

18-Mar-2003

Source

Related Monographs

Consumer Data: Urinary Tract Infections (UTI)
Professional Data: Urinary Tract Infections (UTI)

Article

Urinary tract infections are one of the most commonly occurring bacterial infections in medicine today and account for 7 million patient visits annually.1 It is estimated that 20% of women will suffer with symptoms of a urinary tract infection some time in their lives, with many having more than one.2 Infections of the urinary tract cover a wide variety of syndromes including urethritis, cystitis, prostatitis, and pyelonephritis.

UTI's are disorders involving a repeated or prolonged bacterial infection of the bladder or lower urinary tract. Most urinary tract infections occur in the lower urinary tract, which includes the bladder and urethra. Cystitis occurs when bacteria, along with the accompanying inflammation infect the lower urinary tract, which is normally a sterile environment. If an individual has frequent infections or if the infection does not respond to treatment, then the condition is considered chronic. Chronic or recurrent urinary tract infections include repeated episodes of cystitis, or urinary tract infections that do not respond to usual therapies or that last longer than two weeks. UTI's are most common in women; however, men and children may experience them as well.

A recent study investigated the types of food ingested by those with urinary tract infections. This study recruited 139 women diagnosed with an acute UTI and compared their diet to 185 healthy women. Using specific questionnaires, data was collected from all of the participants such as diet and lifestyle habits. The results of this study showed that an increased intake of fresh juices, specifically berry juices, and fermented dairy products, was linked to a decreased risk of reoccurring urinary tract infections. Intercourse was associated with an increased risk of UTI. The authors of this study concluded that, “dietary guidance could be a first step toward prevention.”3

References

1. Bacheller CD, Bernstein JM. Urinary tract Infections. Med Clin North Am. 1997;81:719-729.
2. Plumridge RJ, Golledge CL. Treatment of urinary tract infection: Clinical and economic considerations. Pharmacoeconomics. 1996;9:295-306.
3. Kontiokari T. Dietary factors protecting women from urinary tract infection. Am J Clin Nutr. Mar 2003;77(3):600-04.