Anti-inflammatory Activity of Heliotropium indicum Linn. and Leucas aspera Spreng. in albino rats.

Author

Srinivas, K.

Date

2000

Journal

Ind. J. Pharmacology

To study the anti-inflammatory effect of Heliotropium indicum, and Leucas aspera on carrageenin induced hind paw oedema and cotton pellet granuloma in rats. Methods : Hind paw oedema was produced by subplantar injection of carrageenin and paw volume was measured plethysmometrically at 'O' and '3' hours intervals after injection. Cotton pellet granuloma was produced by implantation of 50 +/- 1mg sterile cotton in each axilla under ether anaesthesia. The animals were treated with H. indicum and L. aspera and the standard drugs viz., acetylsalicylic acid and phenylbutazone. Results : H. indicum and L. aspera produced significant anti-inflammatory effect in both acute and subacute models of inflammation. In acute inflammation, L. aspera was more effective than acetylsalicylic acid. However in subacute inflammation, these two drugs were found to be less effective than phenylbutazone. Conclusion : H. indicum and L. aspera possess anti-inflammatory effects in both acute and subacute inflammation.