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Dalbergia pinnata. (Lour.) Prain (Leguminosae alt. Fabaceae)

Synonyms

Amerimnon pinnatum (Lour.) Kuntze, Dalbergia dubia Elmer, Dalbergia livida Wall., Dalbergia pinatubensis Elmer, Dalbergia pinnata (Lour.) Prain var. badia Merr., Dalbergia rufa Graham, Dalbergia tamarindifolia Roxb., Derris pinnata Lour., Endespermum scandens Blume [1] 

Vernacular Names:

Malaysia: Semelit Jangkar, Lorotan Haji (Peninsular).
Indonesia: Areuy Ki Loma (Sundanese), Dyad Sambang (Java), Jampak Luyak (Lampung).
Vietnam: Ch[af]m b[if]a [aw]n tr[aa]u (Vinh Phu), tr[aws]c l[as] me.
Myanmar: Yema Kyi Nwe
Chinese:  Xie Ye Huang Tan

General Information

D. pinnata is a widespread and dominant woody liana species which is can grow in montane forests [2] below measuring 1400m in height [3] near running fresh water [4] in temperate and tropical Asia. [5]  It is a perennial non-climbing tree. [1]  It is found distributed in China (Guangxi, Hainan, Xizang, Yunnan), Australasia, Papua New Guinea, the Indian subcontinent (Bangladesh; Bhutan; India; Nepal), the Indian Ocean (the Andaman Islands, Nicobar) , Malaysia, Indonesia (Celebes, Java, Kalimantan, Sumatra), Myanmar and the Philippines [1][3][5] and also in west tropical Africa  (Cameroon, Guinea, Guinea Bissau,Nigeria, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Zaire. [1]

Description

The trees or sometimes shrubby climbers; with long, flexuose branches. The young branchlets is puberulous. The leaves measuring 12-15cm, rachis, petioles densely puberulous as are the short petiolules; stipules lanceolate, ca. 5mm, puberulous; leaflets 21 to 42, small, trapezoid-oblong, 12-8 by 5-7.5mm, moderately firmly papery, both surfaces puberulous, at length abaxially glaucous, adaxially glabrescent, base asymmetrical, apex rounded, slightly emarginate. The panicles axillary, congested, with corymbose branches, 1.5-5 by 1.2-2.5cm; peduncles short, as are the branches and pedicels densely puberulous; bracts and bracteoles persistent, ovate, puberulous. The flowers is small, approximately 6 mm. The calyx campanulate, approximately 3mm, externally puberulous or glabrescent; teeth ovate, two upper subconnate. The corolla white; petals all long clawed; standard reflexed, ovate; wing-petals with sagittate base, keel-petals united above, blade hastate on upper side below. The stamens 9 or 10, monadelphous. The ovary stipitate, glabrous; ovules 2 or 3. The pods brown and shiny when dry, oblong-ligulate, thin, 2.5-6 by 1-1.4cm, glabrous, uniformly finely reticulate, base attenuate to long, slender stipe, acute, 1 to 4-seeded; seed narrow, approximately 18-4mm. The flowers from January to February. [3]

Plant Part Used

No Documentation.

Chemical Constituents

No Documentation.

Traditional Use:

Masticatory, vermifuge. [6]

Forage [1]

Pre-Clinical Data

Pharmacology

No documentation.

Toxicities

No documentation.

Clinical Data

Clinical Trials

No documentation.

Adverse Effects in Human:

No documentation.

Use in Certain Conditions

Pregnancy / Breastfeeding

No documentation.

Age Limitations

Neonates / Adolescents

No documentation.

Geriatrics

No documentation.

Chronic Disease Conditions

No documentation.

Interactions

Interactions with drugs

No documentation.

Interactions with Other Herbs / Herbal Constituents

No documentation.

Contraindications

Contraindications

No documentation.

Case Reports

No documentation.

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  1) Botanical Info

References

    1. ILDIS International Legume Database & Information Service.  http://www.ildis.org/LegumeWeb?sciname=Derris+pinnata#8
    2. Zhi-quan Cai.  Lianas and trees in tropical forests in south China.  PhD thesis, Department of Environmental Sciences, Centre for Ecosystem Studies, Forest Ecology and forest Management Group, Wageningen University, the Netherlands.
    3. Chen Dezhao (Chen Te-chao), Ivan Nielsen. Leguminosae Tribe Dalbergieae (pp. 9-122) in Wei Zhi, ed. Fl. Reipubl. Popularis Sin. 40, 1994.  http://flora.huh.harvard.edu/china/mss/volume10/Fabaceae-AGH-Dalbergieae-Dalbergia_edited.htm
    4. Plant Information Centre (PIC), Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.  http://www.kew.org/herbarium/brunei/fams/57_01.htm#DALBERGIA
    5. United States Department of Agriculture, Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN).  www.ars-grin.gov/cgi-bin/npgs/html/taxon.pl?13164
    6. Dr Duke’s Phytochemical and Ethnobotamical databases.  www.ars-grin.gov/cgi-bin/duke/ethnobot.pl?Dalbergia%20pinnata

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