image
Conservation

Compilation of herbal plants (description, geographical distribution, taxonomy, line drawings), biodiversity and herbarium.

Read More
image
Research & Publication

Description of herbal and T&CM research, searchable publication and process from medicinal plant discovery to clinical trial in producing a high-quality registered herbal drug.

Read More
 
Traditional & Complementary Medicine (T&CM)

 

Definition and description of therapies, policy, training and education, research in the practise of (T&CM) and integrated medicine system.           

Read More

 

News Update

Announcement & Advertisement

Forthcoming Events

Annual Congress on Traditional Medicine

From Wed, 12. May 2021 Until Thu, 13. May 2021

5th International Conference on Medical and Health Informatics (ICMHI 2021

From Fri, 14. May 2021 Until Sun, 16. May 2021

International Conference on Traditional Medicine and Phytochemistry 2021

From Mon, 12. July 2021 Until Wed, 14. July 2021

Asian Symposium on Medicinal Plants and Spices XVII (2020)

From Tue, 17. August 2021 Until Thu, 19. August 2021

Melochia corchorifolia L.

Synonyms

Melochia concatenata L.

Vernacular Names:

Malaysia

Lemak Ketam, Lemak Kepiting, Limah Ketam, Bayam Rusa, Bunga Padang, Pulut- pulut

English Crab’s Eggs, Wire Bush, Chocolate-weed

General Information

Description

This pan tropic weed is common in the wastelands. In Peninsular Malaysia, it is apparently found throughout open places.[1]

Plant Part Used

Leaf, root, sap.[1]

Chemical Constituents

A phytochemical study of leaves of Melochia corchorifolia has shown the presence of triterpenes: friedelin, friedelinol and β-amyrin; flavonol glycosides: hibifolin, triflin and melocorin; aliphatic compounds; flavonoids: vitexin and robunin; β-D-sitosterol and its stearate; β-D-glucoside and alkaloids.[2]

Adouetine and a new cyclopeptide alkaloid, melofoline, have been isolated from Melochia corchorifolia. The latter was characterized from its mass spectrum and hydrolysis products.[3]

A cyclopeptide alkaloid, franganine, and a new pseudooxindole alkaloid, melochirorine, have been isolated from Melochia corchorfolia. The latter compound was characterized from its spectral data and by acetylation product.[4] 

Nutritional content

The proximate analysis of the dried powdered leaves showed the following composition (dry weight content %):

High crude protein content (23.31 ± 2.27%), crude lipid value (13.33 ± 2.89%), low available carbohydrate value (30.03 ± 2.83%), high dietary fibre content (23.33 ±2.89%) and high ash content (10.00 ± 0.10%). The fresh leaves have high moisture content (620.16 ± 6.11 % wet weight) with low energy value (275.66 ± 23.20kcal/100g). 

Macro- and microelements play a vital role in human nutrition as they are dietary essential. Mineral analysis showed that the leaves contain a high level of potassium (7.250 ±37.5mg/100g DW), followed by calcium (750.37 ± 0.58mg/100g DW), magnesium (108.33 ± 5.77mg/100g DW) and then phosphorus (101.89 ± 0.08mg/100g DW). Sodium content (94.00 ± 1.15 mg/100g DW) is the lowest among the macroelements determined. Other mineral compositions in mg/100g DW are: Cu (33.50±2.55), Fe (19.91±3.01), Mn (9.68±0.59) and Zn (6.73±0.62).[5]

Traditional Use:

The leaves are used to poultice ulcers, abdominal swelling and chest pains. A simple decoction of the leaves is used to stop vomiting and as a mixture for treating urinary disorders. A decoction of the roots and leaves is swallowed to treat dysentery.[1] 

The sap is applied to heal wounds poisoned by Antiaris. The plant is also used to relieve gastralgia and headaches.[1]

Pre-Clinical Data

Pharmacology

No documentation

Toxicities

No documentation

Clinical Data

Clinical Trials

No documentation

Adverse Effects in Human:

No documentation

Use in Certain Conditions

Pregnancy / Breastfeeding

No documentation

Age Limitations

Neonates / Adolescents

No documentation

Geriatrics

No documentation

Chronic Disease Conditions

No documentation

Interactions

Interactions with drugs

No documentation

Interactions with Other Herbs / Herbal Constituents

No documentation

Contraindications

Contraindications

No documentation

Case Reports

No documentation

Read More

  1) Botanical Info

References

  1. Herbal Medicine Research Centre, Institute for Medical Research, Kuala Lumpur. 2002. Compendium of Medicinal Plants Used in Malaysia. 2002; 2:134.
  2. Bosch, C.H. Melochia corchorifolia L. [Internet] Record from Protabase, 2004. http://database.prota.org/search.htm/ accessed on 31 May 2007.
  3. Bhakuni, R.S., Shukla, Y.N. & Thakur, R.S. Cyclopeptide alkaloids from Melochia corchorifolia. Phytochemistry 1987; 26(1):324-325. Abstract.
  4. Bhakuni, R.S., Shukla, Y.N. & Thakur, R.S. Melochicorine, a pseudooxindole alkaloid from Melochia corchorifolia. Phytochemistry. 1991; 30 (9): 3159-3160. Abstract.
  5. Umar, K.J. et al. Nutritional Content of Melochia corchorifolia (Linn.) Leaves. Int. J. Biol. Chem. 2007; 1 (4): 250-255.

Explore Further

Consumer Data

Consumer data including medicinal herbs, dietary supplement monographs, health condition monographs and interactions and depletions.                                    

Read More
Professional Data

Professional data organized into medicinal herbs, dietary supplement monographs, health condition monographs, T&CM herbs, formulas, health conditions, interactions and depletions.

Read More
International Data

We offer International linkages to provide extensive content pertaining to many facets of T&CM as well as Integrated Medicine. Please register for access.    

Read More