Compilation of herbal plants (description, geographical distribution, taxonomy, line drawings), biodiversity and herbarium.

Read More
Research & Publication

Description of herbal and T&CM research, searchable publication and process from medicinal plant discovery to clinical trial in producing a high-quality registered herbal drug.

Read More
Traditional & Complementary Medicine (T&CM)


Definition and description of therapies, policy, training and education, research in the practise of (T&CM) and integrated medicine system.           

Read More


News Update

Announcement & Advertisement

Forthcoming Events

International Congress on Drug Delivery

From Mon, 5. October 2020 Until Tue, 6. October 2020

Global Pharmaceutical and Pharma Industry Conference

From Mon, 12. October 2020 Until Tue, 13. October 2020

14th International Conference on Pharmaceutics and Drug Safety

From Wed, 21. October 2020 Until Thu, 22. October 2020

Seminar Tumbuhan Ubatan, Beraroma dan Pegetahuan Tradisi 2020

From Tue, 10. November 2020 Until Wed, 11. November 2020

2nd International Conference on Natural Products & Traditional Medicine

From Mon, 16. November 2020 Until Tue, 17. November 2020

Micromelum minutum (J.G. Forster) Wight & Arn.

Micromelum minutum (J.G. Forster) Wight & Arn.




Micromelum pubescens Blume, Micromelum ceylanicum Wight, Micromelum compressum (Blanco) Merr.

Vernacular Names

Malaysia Chememar, cherek, kematu (Peninsular).
English Lime berry.
Indonesia Sesi (Lampung), ki mangkok (Sundanese), mentanen (Javanese).
Thailand Samui (Chaang) (Peninsular), saam sok (Northern), sabaek (Eastern).
Philippines Ppiris (Tagalog), makabangon (Bikol), basar basar (Iloko).
Vietnam Cam n[us]i, kim s[uw][ow]ng.

Geographical Distributions

Micromelum minutum is found from India throughout Southeast Asia to Australia and the Pacific.


M. minutum is a small to medium-sized, and an unarmed tree grows up to 20 m tall. The stem diametre is measuring up to 15 cm. The twigs and buds are densely short-haired.

The leaves are alternate, pinnate with an unpaired terminal leaflet, measure up to 30 cm long including the leaf stalk where 9-15 leaflets are arranged alternately. The 3-12 cm x 1.5-6 cm leaflets are egg-shaped-lance-shaped. Its base is obtuse and asymmetrical while the apex is attenuate-acuminate., It is rarely obtuse or notched at the extremity. The, margin is entire to irregularly undulate-crenate and the leaflet stalk is measures 3-5 mm long.

The inflorescence is terminal, cymose-resembling a panicle, measures (3-)15-20 cm long. The 5-merous flowers are bisexual., .The sepal is cupular and shallowly 5 toothed. The floral petals are linear-oblong, measure 7 mm x 1.5mm, pale green to yellowish-white, and densely appressed hairy outside. The stamens are 10 while ovary is superior, cylindrical, 5-celled where the cells are bi-ovulate, and with a twisting of the radial follicle walls.

The fruit is an ellipsoid, oblong berry, measures 6-10 mm long, with 1-3 developed compartments and each is one-seeded. The seed is glabrate yellow to red when ripe, with flat and folded cotyledons. Seedling is with epigeal germination; emergent cotyledons are green; hypocotyl is elongated.

Ecology / Cultivation

M. minutum is found on a wide range of soils in both primary and secondary forest, from sea-level up to 1000 m altitude.

Line Drawing / Photograph



  1. Plant Resources of South-East Asia No 12(2): Medicinal and poisonous plants 2.

Explore Further

Consumer Data

Consumer data including medicinal herbs, dietary supplement monographs, health condition monographs and interactions and depletions.                                    

Read More
Professional Data

Professional data organized into medicinal herbs, dietary supplement monographs, health condition monographs, T&CM herbs, formulas, health conditions, interactions and depletions.

Read More
International Data

We offer International linkages to provide extensive content pertaining to many facets of T&CM as well as Integrated Medicine. Please register for access.    

Read More