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Caesalpinia coriaria (Jacq.) Willd.

Caesalpinia coriaria (Jacq.) Willd.

Family

Leguminosae

Synonyms

None

Vernacular Names

English Divi divi.
Indonesia Dewi.
Thailand Tanyong (Bangkok).

Geographical Distributions

Caesalpinia coriaria originates from Central and South America and was introduced and is now cultivated in Southeast Asia.

Description

Caesalpinia coriaria is a shrub or small tree that can reach up to 10 m tall. It is unarmed.

The leaves are often imparipinnate, with 4-8 pairs of pinnae, with minute stipules, awl-shaped, with 15-28 pairs of leaflets per pinna, with obliquely subcordate base and rounded to truncate at apex.

The raceme is axillary or terminal, short, condensed, almost sessile and measures 2-6 cm long. The flowers are bisexual and fragrant. The sepals are 3-4 mm long while the petals are 3-6 mm long. They are yellow or cream.

The pod measures 3-6 cm x 1.5-3 cm, inflated, often twisted and 1-10-seeded.

Ecology / Cultivation

Caesalpinia coriaria tolerates a wide range of soil types and climates. It grows in rich clay soils and poor sandy soils with pH 4.5-8.7, and thrives in dry (warm) temperate climates to wet tropical climates, tolerating an annual precipitation of 600 mm up to over 4000 mm, and a mean annual temperature of 14.7-27.5°C. In natural conditions in Central and South America, it is found in semi-arid, open country. Under very moist tropical conditions, trees are reported to yield less than under drier conditions. At higher altitudes, they do not yield well either.

Line Drawing / Photograph

Caesalpinia_coriaria

References

  1. Plant Resources of South-East Asia No. 3: Dye and tannin-producing plants.

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