Piper sarmentosum Roxb. ex Hunter


Piper sarmentosum Roxb. ex Hunter




Chavica sarmentosa (Roxb. ex Hunter) Miq.

Vernacular Names

Malaysia Chabai, kadok batu.
Indonesia Karuk (Sundanese), cabean (Javanese), sirih tanah (Moluccas).
Philippines Patai-butu (Sulu).
Cambodia Môrech ansai.
Thailand Cha phlu (Central), nom wa (Peninsular), phlu ling (Northern).

Ti[ee]u l[oos]t, tat ph[aws]t.

Geographical Distributions

Piper sarmentosum is distributed from India to southern China and from the Philippines southward to the Moluccas.


Piper sarmentosum is an erect or ascending, stoloniferous herb or shrublet, up to 1 m tall. The leaves are with 2-8 cm long petiole. The lower leaves are ovate-cordate, 7-15 cm x 5-10 cm and 5-7-veined while the highest leaves are obliquely oblong, 7-11 cm x 3-5 cm and 3-veined.

The inflorescence is an erect spike and about 1-2 cm long. The bracts are circular, white and about 1 cm in diametre. Short stamens while stigmas are 3-4.

The fruit is a berry, connate to each other and adnate to bract but with free apex.

Ecology / Cultivation

Piper sarmentosum grows in thickets up to 600 m altitude, preferably in shady circumstances. In the past P. sarmentosum has been confused with P. longum L., which does not occur in Malesia.

Line Drawing / Photograph


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  1. Plant Resources of South-East Asia No.13: Spices.