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Acrotrema costatum


 Acrotrema wightianum Wall.

Vernacular Names:

Malaysia: Tutup Bumi Rimba, Meroyan Punai Tanah [1]

General Information


Acrotrema costatum is a plant of the Dilleniaceae family. The stem is scarcely seen. Leaves are alternate, spreading, shortly petioled; measuring 15cm long, oblong-obovate, botuse, safittate at the base, dentato-serrate, somewhat ciliated, pilose, furnished with a short tomentum and also with more remote, longer, appressed hairs. The nerves are very hairy, parallel, and derminating in the denticulae of the margin. Petioles are short, sheating; their margins dilated into membranaceous auricles. Peduncles or scapes are central, erect, 7.5-15cm hign,. Pilose, recurved at the summit, 8-10 flowers appearing. Flowers are yellow, pedicellate and racemose. Calyx 5-leaved, pilose, leaflets ovate and acute. Corolla yellow, spreading, 5-petaled; petals broader above, lanceolate. Stamens 15 in numbers, erect, hypogynous; filaments very short. Anthers very long, linear, 2-celled, opening by 2 pores at the top. There are 3 ovaries, distinct, superior, 1-celled, 2-seeded, each bearing one style of the height of the stamens. Ovules attached to the inner angles. Stigmas simple. Capsules 3. [1]

Plant Part Used

No documentation

Chemical Constituents

No documentation

Traditional Use:

It is used in immediate postnatal period and is included in the potherb for childbirth. It is used in similar manner as Elephantopus scaber (Tutup bumi) as a uterine cleansing agent in immediate postpartum period. [1]

Pre-Clinical Data


No documentation


No documentation

Clinical Data

Clinical Trials

No documentation

Adverse Effects in Human:

No documentation

Use in Certain Conditions

Pregnancy / Breastfeeding

It is believed to be an emmenagogue and acts by inducing contraction of the uterus thus, it is not advisable for use during pregnancy. [1]

Age Limitations

Neonates / Adolescents

No documentation


No documentation

Chronic Disease Conditions

No documentation


Interactions with drugs

No documentation

Interactions with Other Herbs / Herbal Constituents

No documentation



No documentation

Case Reports

No documentation

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  1) Botanical Info


  1. I.H.Burkill A Dictionary of Economic Products of the Malay Peninsula Ministry of Agriculture and Cooperatives Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur 1966 pg. 41 - 42.

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