Litsea monopetala (Roxb.) Persoon

Litsea monopetala (Roxb.) Persoon




Tetranthera monopetala Roxb., Litsea polyantha A.L. Juss., Tetran­thera alnoides Miq.

Vernacular Names

Malaysia Medang busok, bangang (Peninsular).
Indonesia Huru koneng, huru manuk (Sundanese, Java), gempur (Javanese, Java).
Thailand Kathang (Peninsular).
Myanmar Ondon laukya.

Geographical Distributions

Litsea monopetala is found in India, Burma (Myanmar), through­out Indo-China, Thailand, Peninsular Malaysia and Java.


Litsea monopetala is a small tree which can reach up to 18 m tall. The bole is straight to crooked, measuring up to 60 cm in diametre, with longitudinally fissured bark surface and dark grayish while the in­ner bark is brown mottled.

The leaves are arranged alternately, measuring 4.5-17 cm x 2.5-10 cm, blunt to acute, hairless above, sparsely hairy below, sunken above midrib, with 6-13 pairs of secondary veins which are sunken above, with scalariform tertiary venation, distinct be­low and with petiole 1-2.5 cm long .

The flowers are in umbellules and peduncled in short racemes, with (4-)6 tepals and 9-12 stamens.

The fruit is 0.7-1.2 cm long, oblong to ellipsoid and seated on a small flat perianth cup.

Ecology / Cultivation

Litsea monopetala is locally common in mixed lowlands and montane evergreen or semi-deciduous forests, up to 1500 m altitude.

Line Drawing / Photograph



  1. Plant Resources of South-East Asia No. 5(2): Timber trees: Minor commercial timbers.