Stephania japonica (Thunb.) Miers

Stephania japonica (Thunb.) Miers





Vernacular Names

Indonesia Areuy geureung (Sundanese), kepleng (Javanese), ginato bobudo (Moluccas).
Thailand Kon pit (Central), pang pon (Northern), tap tao (Peninsu­lar).
Philippines Malabuta (lgorot), ma­ratugi (Iloko), kuren (Ibanag).

Thi[ee]n kim d[awf]ng, d[aa]y l[ox]i ti[eef]n.

Geographical Distributions

Stephania japonica is distributed in Nepal, India, Burma (Myanmar), Indo-China, southern China, Taiwan, Japan,       Thailand, throughout Malesia, northern and east­ern Australia and Polynesia.


Stephania japonica is a slender climber that can reach up to 10 m long. The root is tuberous while the stem is herbaceous or thinly woody.

The leaves are broadly triangular-ovate to ovate, and measuring (4-)6-12(-17) cm x 4-10(-14) cm.

The flowers are in an ax­illary, compound, umbrella-shaped cyme, which are sessile or sub­sessile.

The red fruit is sessile or subsessile while the endocarp is dorsally with 4 rows of processes.

Ecology / Cultivation

Stephania japonica occurs in secondary forests, re­growths, hedges, thickets and on river banks, also in Nypa swamp, up to 2000 m altitude.

Line Drawing / Photograph



  1. Plant Resources of South-East Asia No. 12(1): Medicinal and poisonous plants 1.