Vitex pinnata L.

Vitex pinnata L.




Vitex pubescens Vahl.

Vernacular Names

Malaysia Leban tandok (Peninsular), leban buas (Sarawak), kulim papa (Sabah).
Indonesia Laban (General), kalapapa (Kalimantan), gulimpapa (Sulawesi).
Thailand Tinnok (Central, Northern), samo-tinpet (Peninsular).
Philippines Hairy-leafed molave.
Myanmar Kyetyoh.
Vietnam B[if]nh linh l[oo]ng.

Geographical Distributions

Vitex pinnata is found in India, Sri Lanka (rare), Bangladesh, Burma (Myanmar), Indo-China, Thailand, Peninsular Malaysia, Sumatra, Java, Borneo, Sulawesi, the Lesser Sunda Islands and the Philippines (Palawan); introduced in tropical Africa and South America.


Vitex pinnata is a small to medium-sized tree that can reach up to 25(—30) m tall. It is often with crooked bole measuring up to 70 cm in diametre.

The leaves are (3-)5-foliolate while the leaflets are pubescent below.

The inflorescence is terminal, resembling a panicle and with prominent bracts. The sepal lobes are subequal and about 2 mm long while the petal is bluish-white to violet.

The fruit is 7-13 mm in diametre and nearly spherical and purplish-black when mature.

Ecology / Cultivation

Vitex pinnata is common in many areas, especially in more open habitats, secondary forests and on river banks. The density of the wood is 800-950 kg/m3 at 15% moisture content; the wood is hard and durable.

Line Drawing / Photograph



  1. Plant Resources of South-East Asia No. 5(2): Timber trees: Minor commercial timbers.