Compilation of herbal plants (description, geographical distribution, taxonomy, line drawings), biodiversity and herbarium.

Read More
Research & Publication

Description of herbal and T&CM research, searchable publication and process from medicinal plant discovery to clinical trial in producing a high-quality registered herbal drug.

Read More
Traditional & Complementary Medicine (T&CM)


Definition and description of therapies, policy, training and education, research in the practise of (T&CM) and integrated medicine system.           

Read More


News Update

Announcement & Advertisement

Forthcoming Events

Annual Congress on Traditional Medicine

From Wed, 12. May 2021 Until Thu, 13. May 2021

5th International Conference on Medical and Health Informatics (ICMHI 2021

From Fri, 14. May 2021 Until Sun, 16. May 2021

International Conference on Traditional Medicine and Phytochemistry 2021

From Mon, 12. July 2021 Until Wed, 14. July 2021

Asian Symposium on Medicinal Plants and Spices XVII (2020)

From Tue, 17. August 2021 Until Thu, 19. August 2021

Gunnera macrophylla Blume

Gunnera macrophylla Blume





Vernacular Names

Indonesia Hariyang gede, tarate gunung (Sundanese), sukmadiluwih (Javanese

Balai, baloi, debit (Igorot, Bontok).

Geographical Distributions

G. macrophylla occurs in mountainous areas of Sumatra, Java, Borneo (Sabah), the Philippines, Sulawesi, New Guinea and the Solomon Islands.


G. macrophylla is a perennial, soft, hairy herb and often with numerous stolons. The stem is very short.

The leaves are in a rosette, kidney-shaped to cordate, angular, rarely irregularly (2-) 3-lobed, measuring 2.5-70 cm x 2.5-70 cm, irregularly dentate and bullate. The petiole is up to 70 cm long, provided with 3 warts at base. The stipules are absent.

The inflorescence is a subterminal panicle with numerous lateral spikes, shortly stalked or sessile and up to 60 cm long in fruit. The lower spikes are with female flowers while the upper ones are with male flowers, but sometimes intermixed with bisexual flowers. The flowers are unisexual but sometimes bisexual, small and with 2(-3) sepals. The male flowers are with 2 spoon-shaped petals and 2 stamens. The female flowers are without petals, with inferior, 1-celled ovary and sessile stigma.

The fruit is a spherical drupe about 2 mm in diametre, smooth, juicy and 1-seeded. The nutlet is flattened-globular and about 1 mm in diametre.

Ecology / Cultivation

G. macrophylla is found in wet or damp locations in the mountains, often gregarious, mostly on open or lightly-shaded sites in disturbed habitats, pioneering on bare lands, along paths and in openings in secondary forests at (750-)1250-3000 m altitude.

Line Drawing / Photograph



  1. Plant Resources of South-East Asia No.12(3): Medicinal and poisonous plants 3.

Explore Further

Consumer Data

Consumer data including medicinal herbs, dietary supplement monographs, health condition monographs and interactions and depletions.                                    

Read More
Professional Data

Professional data organized into medicinal herbs, dietary supplement monographs, health condition monographs, T&CM herbs, formulas, health conditions, interactions and depletions.

Read More
International Data

We offer International linkages to provide extensive content pertaining to many facets of T&CM as well as Integrated Medicine. Please register for access.    

Read More