Chloranthus erectus


Chloranthus elatior, Cryphaea erecta, Chloranthus officinalis, Chloranthus salicifolius, Chr. sumatranus, Chloranthus erectus [1]

Vernacular Names:


Sambau Paya, Sigueh Puteh, Rami Hutan, Keras Tulang [3] (Peninsula); Dikut-dikut, Langut-langut (Sarawak)[6]

Indonesia Keras tulang (Malay); Uyuh-uyuhan (Java); Haros Tulang (Sumatra)[6]
Thailand Hom Kai (Northern); Kraduk Kai (Central)[6]
Philippines Barau-barau (Luzon); Tul-an Hindad (Samar); Tunggao (Tagbanua)[6]
Cambodia Kba:k Damrei[6]
China Yu Zi Lan[5]

General Information


Chloranthus erectus is a member of the Chloranthaceae family. It is an erect shrub with nodular stems that is green and smooth. The shrub reaches up to 60cm high. The leaves are elliptic-lanceolate, acuminate with narrowed tip. It measures 12.5cm long and 6cm wide with numerous veins. The inflorescence is in the form of spikes 4-5 in numbers and measures 4 cm long. The flowers are small and white with 3 stamens. The drupe measures 1.5cm long and is white when ripe.[3]

Plant Part Used

Leaves and roots [5]

Chemical Constituents

No documentation

Traditional Used:

Gynaecology & Obstetric uses

The plant is considered an aphrodisiac and in particular for women.[2] In India the juice from boiled branches is used as a contraceptive and the root and bark acts as an antispasmodic during childbirth.[7] The leave extract is a cure for venereal diseases.[7]

Antipyretic and Analgesic

Chloranthus erectus is considered a sudorific and diaphoretic and is used extensively to treat fever. In India the leaves or roots is used for this purpose.[7] It is also used to treat headaches and bodyaches.[2]

Pre-Clinical Data


Anti-inflammatory activity

The methanol extract of C. erectus was subjected to a series of tests to determine its anti-inflammatory potentials. It was found that this extract was able to inhibit inflammatory processes in acute, subacute and chronic test models.[4]


No documentation

Clinical Data

Clinical Trials

No documentation

Adverse Effects in Human:

No documentation

Used in Certain Conditions

Pregnancy / Breastfeeding

No documentation

Age Limitations

Neonates / Adolescents

No documentation


No documentation

Chronic Disease Conditions

No documentation


Interactions with drugs

No documentation

Interactions with Other Herbs / Herbal Constituents

No documentation



No documentation

Case Reports

No documentation

Read More

  1) Botanical Info


  1. Peter Hanelt, R. Büttner, Rudolf Mansfeld, Institut für Pflanzengenetik und Kulturpflanzenforschung Gatersleben Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops Springer-Verlag Berlin 2001 pg. 127.
  2. Noraida Arifin Penyembuhan semula jadi dengan herba PTS Litera Utama Kuala Lumpur, 2005 pg. 58 – 59.
  3. Kamarudin Mat-Salleh, A. Latiff Tumbuhan Ubatan Malaysia Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia Bangi 2002 pg. 150.
  4. Tag H, Namsa ND, Das AK, Kalita P, Mandal SC. Evaluation of anti-inflammatory potential of Chloranthus erectus (Buch.-Ham.) Verd. leaf extract in rats. J Ethnopharmacol. 2009 Nov 12;126(2):371-4.
  5. Zipcode zoo ( Accessed on 27th July 2010.
  6. GlobinMed ( Accessed on 27thJuly 2010.
  7. Indian Medicinal Plant Growers Consortium ( Accessed on 27th July 2010.