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Pentaphragma begonifolium

Synonyms

Phyteum begonifolium [1]

Vernacular Names:

Malaysia Rumput Tahi Babi, Telinga Beruang, Salang Suang [2]

General Information

Description

Pentaphragma begonifolium, is a small herbaceous plant of the Campanulaceae family. The stem is procumbent, measures 30-60 cm long, thick, villous chiefly at the summit, with fasciculated hairs. The leaves are alternate, petiolate, semicordate, inequalateral, turning to one side, 20 cm long, acute with gross subspinescent serratures, villous beneath, adult leaves smooth above, nerves generally dichotomous. Petioles are thick, round and furrowed above. The peduncles are axillary or supra-axillary. The flowers unilateral, erect, arranged in 2 rows on a recurved spike, nearly sessile, crowded. The bracteas cuneiform, obtuse.  The calyx semi-superior, ovate, villous, 5-lobed which are obtused. The corolla white in colour, campanulate, persistent, limb recurved, 5-lobed which arer obtuse; after flowering, the lobes become green and enlarged. The stamens 5, erect, short, inserted on the calyx, and opposite to its division. The anthers linear, acute. The ovary surrounded by the calyx, and connected with it by 5 longitudinal septa or processess, from which the stamens spring, 3-4 celled, many-seeded; placentae from the inner angles of the cells. The style short and thick. The stigma large, thick, 3-lobed. The capsule 3-4 celled, containing numerous seeds, arranged in convex placentae. [1]

Plant Part Used

Roots [3]

Chemical Constituents

No documentation

Traditional Used:

The roots of P. begoniifolium, is used on swellings including abscesses. [3]

Pre-Clinical Data

Pharmacology

No documentation

Toxicities

No documentation

Clinical Data

Clinical Trials

No documentation

Adverse Effects in Human:

No documentation

Used in Certain Conditions

Pregnancy / Breastfeeding

No documentation

Age Limitations

Neonates / Adolescents

No documentation

Geriatrics

No documentation

Chronic Disease Conditions

No documentation

Interactions

Interactions with drugs

No documentation

Interactions with Other Herbs / Herbal Constituents

No documentation

Contraindications

Contraindications

No documentation

Case Reports

No documentation

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  1)  Botanical Info

References

  1. Sir William Jackson Hooker Botanical miscellany, Volume 1 John Murray London 1830 pg. 276-277
  2. Norhayati Ismail, Zahri Ismail, Muzlifah Abd. Manaf Index Tumbuhan Ubat Malaysia Victus Semulajadi Sdn. Bhd. Kuala Selangor 1999 pg. 48
  3. I.H.Burkill A Dictionary of Economic Products of the Malay Peninsula Volume 2 Ministry of Agriculture and Cooperative of Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur 1966 pg. 1720 - 1721

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