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Lasia spinosa

Synonyms

Dracontium spinosum, Lasia aculeata, Pothos heterophylla, Pothos lasia, Lasia loureirii, Lasia heterophylla, Lasia roxbughii, Lasia hermanni, Lasia crassifolia, Lasia spinosa 

Vernacular Names:

Malaysia

Geli-geli, Bekil, Gegeli, Gelia

Indonesia

Ngamling, Sambbeng, Sampi

Thailand

Pa Lang

India

Kantakachoramu, Mulasari (Telagu); Kanakachu (Bengal), Kaantaasaru, Lakshmanaa, Indiver-kand

Sri Lanka

Kohila, Maha kohila, Engili-kohila, Geli-geli

China

Ka Guo, Re Yo

Germany

Dornige Zottelblume [4]

General Information

Description

Lasia spinosa is a member of the Araceae family. The stem is up to 4cm thick, creeping and upturning. The petioles measures up to 1m, with persistent sheath up to 20cm, aculeate. The leaf-blade is sagittate, entire or pinnatifid, with aculei along veins on the lower surface. The anterior lobe is 45 x 35cm while the posterior lobes is 25 x 10cm. The peduncle measures 75cm, aculeate. The spathe coriaceous, green brown or purplish, measures 55cm long and slightly twisted, flexing open in lower 7cm to expose spadix. The spadix measures 5 x 1cm pinkish and finally greenish tan. The flower are protogynous. The fruit leathery, warty on top. [4]

Plant Part Used

Leaves [2]

Chemical Constituents

Hydrocyanic acid.

Traditional Used:

Gastrointestinal Diseases

In India the plant is used for colic and intestinal diseases while the leaves are used to relieve stomachache. [1] It is also being used in the treatment of haemorrhoids amongst the Malays.[2] The Naga tribes of India make use of the leaves of L.spinosa to treat intestinal worm infestation.[3]

Respiratory Diseases

The rootstock and fruit is used for throat affections. Parts of the plant is used to treat asthma, bronchitis and coughs both in India and South-east Asia.

Skin Diseases

In Thailand the plant is boiled and the decoction is used to bathe people with roseolar indantum, measles, rubella and other skin disease.[4]

Pre-Clinical Data

Pharmacology

Antioxidant activity

L.spinosa rhizome possesses a wide-ranging antioxidant capacity (145.0-957.0 |^mol/g TEAC on a wet weight basis). The total contribution from polyphenols is from 14%-48%, while ascorbic acid contributes 34%-56% of the total antioxidant activity. [5]

Anthelmintic activity

In a study of the anticestodal efficacy of L.spinosa leaf extract, it was found that this extract does possess significant anticestodal efficacy when it was demonstrated that it could reduce the faecal egg count of Hymenolepis diminuta by 80.8% and worm recovery rate by 16.7%.[3]

Toxicities

The plant contains prussic acid which hydrolyzes into hydrocyanic acid.

Clinical Data

Clinical Trials

No documentation

Adverse Effects in Human:

The sap can be irritating to the skin of those who are sensitive to it. The leaves are edible, however it must be processed (boiled or fermented) before consuming to neutralize the hydrocyanic acid.[6]

Used in Certain Conditions

Pregnancy / Breastfeeding

No documentation

Age Limitations

Neonates / Adolescents

No documentation

Geriatrics

No documentation

Chronic Disease Conditions

No documentation

Interactions

Interactions with drugs

No documentation

Interactions with Other Herbs / Herbal Constituents

No documentation

Contraindications

Contraindications

No documentation

Case Reports

No documentation

References

    1. C. P. Khare Indian Medicinal Plants: An Illustrated Dictionary Springer Berlin 2007 pg. 363
    2. Timothy Johnson CRC ethnobotany desk reference CRC Press Boca Raton 1999 pg. 458
    3. Temjenmongla‌and Arun K. Yadav ‌Anticestodal Efficacy of Lasia spinosa. Extract Against Experimental Hymenolepis diminuta. Infections in Rats Pharmaceutical Biology 2006, Vol. 44, No. 7, Pages 499-502
    4. Herbs to Health (http://herbstohealth.blogspot.com/2009/06/lasia-spinosa-thwphak-naam.html referrenced: Medicinal Plants in Thailand Volume 2) Accessed on: 15th June 2010
    5. AG Shefana, S Ekanayake Some nutritional aspects of Lasia Spinosa Vidyodaya J. of Sci., 2009 Vol 14, pp. 59 – 64
    6. Local Vegetables of Thailand (http://www.jircas.affrc.go.jp/project/value_addition/Vegetables/063.html)  Accessed: 15th June 2010

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