image
Conservation

Compilation of herbal plants (description, geographical distribution, taxonomy, line drawings), biodiversity and herbarium.

Read More
image
Research & Publication

Description of herbal and T&CM research, searchable publication and process from medicinal plant discovery to clinical trial in producing a high-quality registered herbal drug.

Read More
 
Traditional & Complementary Medicine (T&CM)

 

Definition and description of therapies, policy, training and education, research in the practise of (T&CM) and integrated medicine system.           

Read More

 

News Update

Announcement & Advertisement

Forthcoming Events

Annual Congress on Traditional Medicine

From Wed, 12. May 2021 Until Thu, 13. May 2021

5th International Conference on Medical and Health Informatics (ICMHI 2021

From Fri, 14. May 2021 Until Sun, 16. May 2021

International Conference on Traditional Medicine and Phytochemistry 2021

From Mon, 12. July 2021 Until Wed, 14. July 2021

Asian Symposium on Medicinal Plants and Spices XVII (2020)

From Tue, 17. August 2021 Until Thu, 19. August 2021

Neptunia oleracea

Synonyms

Neptunia prostata, Neptunia plena, Mimosa natans, Acacia lacustris, Desmanthus lacustris, Desmantus natans, Mimosa lacustris, Mimosa aquatica, Desmanthus stolonifer [1] [2]

Vernacular Names:

Malaysia

Keman Air, Keman Gajah, Tangki [3] [6]

English Water mimosa
Indonesia

Kemon [6]

Thailand

Phak Ru Norn, Phak Gra Chet, Pak krachet [3]

Vietnam

Rau Nhut

India

Ekai Thabi (Manipuri); Lajalu (Hindi); Panilajak (Bengal); Nitti-todda-vaddi; Neeroo tavulupoo, Nidra-yung (Telagu); Sunday-kiray (Tamil) [3]

Sri Lanka

Dija Nidi Kumba

Brazil Caruru d’aqua [1] [2]

General Information

Description

Neptunia oleracea is a member of the Fabacea family. It is a glabrous herb with spongy rhizome and a free-floating hydrophyte. The swallen stems are 1 – 2 cm thick. The pinnae is in 2 or 3 pairs, while the leaflets in 8 – 20 pairs, linear, measuring 6-12 mm long, the petiole without gland, the rachis ending in a slender bristle. The stipules broadly and obliquely cordate, acute, measure 5-7 mm long. The heads ovoid at first, afterwards semiglobose, yellow-white; peduncles measure 6-12 cm long, much longer when in fruit, provided with 2 ovate and acuminate bracts, measuring 4-12 mm long. The heads with numerous yellow, neuter flowers at the base. The perfect flowers are white in colour. The calyx measures 2mm. The petals measures 4 mm. The pod measures 2-2.5 cm lon and 0.8-1 cm wide with flat, mucronate, bent down at a right angle from the measurement of 5-8 mm long stipe. The seeds are 5 – 8. [1] [4]

Plant Part Used

Roots [6]

Chemical Constituents

Dichrostachinic acid; Djenkolic acid.

Traditional Used:

Inflammatory Diseases

The plant is considered a refrigerant and an astringent agent. [5] It is used to treat fever by applying the infusion of the whole plant on the body of the patient. Juice of the stem is dropped into the ear to relieve earaches. The pounded roots is applied over the nose to treat syphilitic ulcers of the nose (resdong) while the decoction is taken to treat syphilis. [6]

Pre-Clinical Data

Pharmacology

No documentation

Toxicities

No documentation

Clinical Data

Clinical Trials

No documentation

Adverse Effects in Human:

No documentation

Used in Certain Conditions

Pregnancy / Breastfeeding

No documentation

Age Limitations

Neonates / Adolescents

No documentation

Geriatrics

No documentation

Chronic Disease Conditions

No documentation

Interactions

Interactions with drugs

No documentation

Interactions with Other Herbs / Herbal Constituents

No documentation

Contraindications

Contraindications

No documentation

Case Reports

No documentation

Read More

  1)  Botanical Info

References

    1. John Harry Wiersema, Blanca León World Economic Plants: A Standard Reference CRC Press, Boca Raton 1999, pg. 341
    2. J. Lanjouw, August Adriaan Pulle, A. L. Stoffers  Flora of Suriname, Volume 2, Part 2  Royal Tropical Institute, Amsterdam 1939-1940 pg. 267
    3. Peter Hanelt, R. Büttner, Rudolf Mansfeld, Institut für Pflanzengenetik und Kulturpflanzenforschung Gatersleben, German Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Springer-Verlag Berlin 2001 pg. 596
    4. K. M. Matthew  An excursion flora of Central Tamilnadu, India CRC Press, Boca Raton 1995 pg. 176
    5. K. M. Nadkarni Dr. K. M. Nadkarni's Indian materia medica: Repr, Volume 1 Popular Prakashan Pvt. Ltd. Mumbai 2005 pg. 847
    6. Hean Chooi Ong  Vegetables for Health and Healingpg. Utusan Publications  Kuala Lumpur 2008 pg. 187

      Explore Further

      Consumer Data

      Consumer data including medicinal herbs, dietary supplement monographs, health condition monographs and interactions and depletions.                                    

      Read More
      Professional Data

      Professional data organized into medicinal herbs, dietary supplement monographs, health condition monographs, T&CM herbs, formulas, health conditions, interactions and depletions.

      Read More
      International Data

      We offer International linkages to provide extensive content pertaining to many facets of T&CM as well as Integrated Medicine. Please register for access.    

      Read More