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Polyscias fruticosa


Nothopanax fruticosum, Nothopanax obtusum, Panax fruticosum, Panax obtusum, Aralia tripinnata, Polyscias obtusa, Teighemopanax fruticosus[7]

Vernacular Names:


Kuku Garuda, Pokok Teh [7]

English Cut Leaved Panax, Ming Aralia, India Polyscias, Aralia [6]

Puding (Malay); Kedongdong Laut (Sunda, Java); Kedongdong Petedhan (Madura); Bombu (Makasar); Keudem rintek (Minahasa); Gurabati (Ternate); Dewu papua (Ambon); Tjakar kutjung (Java); Imba, Kedongdong Laki (Sunda) [7]


Toem Bo Lyam [7]


Bani, Makan, Papua [6]


Cay Goi Ca [6]


Taiwan Momiji [6]

General Information


Polyscias fruticosa is a member of the Aralaceae. It is a shrub which can reach up to 3 m high. The leaves are at least 3-pinnate, appearing divided into fine segments. The leaflets vary from narrowly ovate to lanceolate, to 10 cm long, toothed or deeply divided. Inflorescence are terminal and in upper axils, measuring 8-15 cm long with many flowers. The flowers are umbellate, short-pedicelled. [3]

Plant Part Used

Leaves and roots [1] [3]

Chemical Constituents

Polysciosides A to H; b-elemene, a-bergamotene, germacrene-D and (E)-gM-bisabolene. [8] [9]

Traditional Used:

Gastrointestinal Diseases

The leaves in the form of a decoction is used to treat a variety of gastric maladies (tympanism, dyspepsia, flatulence and diarrhoea). In Malaysia it is commonly used to treat haemorrhoids where the leaves are finely powdered as a poultice and shaped into an elongated mass to be inserted per rectal at bedtime.[1] The roots and twigs are used for cleaning gums, teeth and relieving mouth ulcers.

Renal Disease

The plant is belived to have diuretic properties and it is used in the treatment of kidney diseases especially stones.[2] The part which is most active is the roots.[3] For cleansing the kidneys Indonesian traditional practitioners recommend extracting the juice of the fresh leaves.

Other Uses

In China and Indo-China it is considered a sudorific and febrifuge and it used in the treatment of fever.[4] It also has astringent and anti-inflammatory properties and for this it is used to help ally rheumatic pains and neuralgia. The leaves can be eaten raw or cooked as vegetable. It is also used to flavor meat and fish because it has the taste of parsley.

Pre-Clinical Data


No documentation


No documentation

Clinical Data

Clinical Trials

No documentation

Adverse Effects in Human:

It has been known to contribute to one of the causes of occupational dermatitis.

Used in Certain Conditions

Pregnancy / Breastfeeding

No documentation

Age Limitations

Neonates / Adolescents

No documentation


No documentation

Chronic Disease Conditions

No documentation


Interactions with drugs

No documentation

Interactions with Other Herbs / Herbal Constituents

No documentation



No documentation

Case Reports

No documentation


    1. Rashtra Vardhana, Floristic Plants of the World, Sarup & Sons, Darya Ganj, 2006. pg 690
    2. Timothy Johnson  CRC ethnobotany desk reference CRC Press Boca Raton 1999pg. 659
    3. Nothopanax Fruticosum (Linn.) Mig  [Accessed on 5/2/2010]
    4. Society for the diffusion of useful knowledge, Penny cyclopaedia, The penny cyclopædia [ed. by G. Long],  London, 1846. pg 405
    5. Lasse Kanerva, Peter Elsner, Jan E. Wahlberg, Howard I. Maibach Condensed handbook of occupational dermatology Springer-Verlag Berlin 2004 pg. 392
    6. Umberto Quattrocchi CRC World Dictionary of Plant Names: M-Q CRC Press, Boca Raton, 2000pg. 2143
    7. Peter Hanelt, R. Büttner, Rudolf Mansfeld, Institut für Pflanzengenetik und Kulturpflanzenforschung Gatersleben, German Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops Volume 2 Springer Verdlag Berlin 2001 pg. 1251
    8. Vo Duy Huan, Satoshi Yamamura, Kazuhiro Ohtani, Ryoji Kasai, Kazuo Yamasaki, Nguyen Thoi Nham and Hoang Minh Chau Oleanane saponins from Polyscias fruticosa Phytochemistry 1998 47(3): 451-457
    9. Joseph J. Brophy, Erich V. Lassak, Apichart Suksamram Constituent of the volatile leaf oils of Polyscias fruticosa (L.) Harms. Flavour and Fragrance Journal 2006 5(3):179-182

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