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Chrysopogon aciculatus

Synonyms

Andropogon aciculatus, Andropogon javanica, Chrysopogon sublatus, Raphis trivalis [1]

Vernacular Names:

Malaysia

Kemuchut, Temuchut

English Love Grass (Malaysia); Mackie’s Pest, Grass Seed (Australia)
Indonesia

Kalikanji, Jukut domdoman, Rumput Jarum

Philippines

Mansareko (Bisaya); Amor-seko (Cebuano); Amor-seko, Marisekos, Mariskos, Tinloi (Tagalog); Pagippi (Iban); Lakut lapas (Suluk); Dalekedek, Dalukduk (Bontok)

Thailand

Yaa Jao Chu

Vietnam

Co-may

Myanmar

Maung-yin-ngo-myet, Nauk-po-myet

China

Zhu Jie Cao

India

Chorkanta, Chui-kanta

Bangladesh

Premkata

Nepal

Chirchiri, Nakasurka (Danuwar); Chhindari (Gurung); Chhimra (Mooshar); Ghore dubo (Nepali); Sarauth (Tharu)

Hawaii

Manienieula

Fiji

Kase, Seed grass [1][2][3][6]

General Information

Description

Chrysopogon aciculatus is a member of the Poaceae family. It is a vigorous creeping grass with stout, tough rhizomes, the culms ascenting to 45cm and forming a dense green mats. The leaf blades measure 3-12cm long x 5mm wide, hairless except at junction of blade and sheath, margins having small teeth, sometimes slightly crinkled; sheaths bearing reddish stripes; ligule very short, membranous, shortly ciliate. The inflorescence is a small panicle, measures 7-10cm long, with numerous slender branches. The spikelets are narrow. The awn bristly, short and fine. The branches at first ascend almost vertically, spread obliquely at flowering and then bend upward again at fruiting. Each branch has three spikelets at its tip, one sessile and two pedicelled. [1][2]

Plant Part Used

Rhizome and roots [4][5]

Chemical Constituents

No documentation

Traditional Used:

Gastrointestinal Diseases

Decoction of the roots of C. aciculatus is a remedy for diarrhea in the Philippines. [5] In India the fresh rhizome pounded with 3-5 black pepper is made into paste and taken early in the morning on an empty stomach for stomachache and gastric disorder. [4]

Other uses

Paste of the roots is applied to boils. [3] In the Philippines decoction of the entire plant is considered as diuretic. [5] In Ternate, Indonesia the decoction is used as an antidote to poisons. Ashes of the roots are taken for rheumatism by the Malays of Perak. [6]

Pre-Clinical Data

Pharmacology


No documentation

Toxicities

No documentation

Clinical Data

Clinical Trials

No documentation

Adverse Effects in Human:

No documentation

Used in Certain Conditions

Pregnancy / Breastfeeding

No documentation

Age Limitations

Neonates / Adolescents

No documentation

Geriatrics

No documentation

Chronic Disease Conditions

No documentation

Interactions

Interactions with drugs

No documentation

Interactions with Other Herbs / Herbal Constituents

No documentation

Contraindications

Contraindications

No documentation

Case Reports

No documentation

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  1) Botanical Info

References

  1. Marita Ignacio Galinato, Keith Moody, Colin M. Piggin, Upland Rice Weeds of South and South-east Asia International Rice Research Institute Manila 1999 pg. 66
  2. FAO: Chrysopogon aciculatus (http://www.fao.org/ag/AGP/AGPC/doc/GBASE/data/pf000203.htm) Accessed 02nd November 2010
  3. N.P. Manandhar, Sanjay Manandhar Plants and People of Nepal Timber Press Inc. Portland 2002 pg 151
  4. S. Mitra, Sobhan Kr Mukherjee Ethnobotanical usages of grasses by the tribals of West Dinajpur district, West Bengal Indian Journal of Traditional Knoewledge 2005 Volume 4(4):396 – 402 (http://nopr.niscair.res.in/bitstream/123456789/8527/1/IJTK%204%284%29%20396-402.pdf) Accessed on 2nd November 2010
  5. Philippine Medicinal Plants – Amor-seco/ Andorpogon aciculatus/ LOVE GRASS: Philippine Alternative Medicine / Medicinal Herbs / StuardXchange (http://www.stuartxchange.org/Amor-seco.html) Accessed 04th November 2010
  6. Amor-seco (http://www.bpi.da.gov.ph/Publications/mp/pdf/a/amor-seco.pdf) Accessed 04th November 2010

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