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Clidemia hirta

Synonyms

Melastoma hirta, Clidemia crenata, Melastoma elegans, Clidemia elegans [1] [4]

Vernacular Names:

Malaysia

Sendudok Bulu

Indonesia

Harendong Bulu

Spanish

Pega Pollo, Siete Cueros

French

Canot-macaque, Herbe Crecre, Melastome Elegant

Portuguese

Anhanga Pixiria, Cainia, Mexirica, Camasey (Cuba, Puerto Rico); Cordobon (Sto. Domingo); Mullaca (Peru)

Jamaica

Soap Bush

Fiji

Koster’s Curse

Hawaii

Koster’s Curse [3][4]

General Information

Description

Clidemia hirta is a member of the Melastomataceae family of plants. It is a branching shrub which can reach up to 2m high. The branchlets are laxly hirsute with spreading hairs. The leaves with lamina elliptic-ovate 4-14 measuring around 2-7.5cm, basally rounded to cordate, shortly acuminate at the apex, 5 nerved with many distinct lateral veins, laxly hirsute with spreading hairs above and especially on the veins beneath, more or less rugulose. The petiole measures 0.5-3cm long, hirsute. The flowers are few or several in branched inflorescences. The hypanthium  measure 2.5-3.0mm wide, laxly hirsute with spreading hairs, with a rim of fimbriate scales inside; lobe appendages subulate, with few spreading hairs as on they hypanthium. The petals obovate-oblong measure 6-9mm long, white. The anthers narrowly linear-oblong measuring 3.8-4.5mm long, white in colour. The anthers narrowly linear-oblong, measure 3.4-4.5mm long. The fruit globose, bluish, black, juicy. [5]

Plant Part Used

No documentation

Chemical Constituents

No documentation

Traditional Used:

C. hirta is used in Brazil to treat skin lesions from Leishmania brailiensis. [1] Amongst the villagers of Peninsular Malaysia the chewed leaves is poultice on bleeding wounds as an aid to arrest bleeding. [2]

Pre-Clinical Data

Pharmacology

Antibacterial activity

Of the 172 plants in Puerto Rico screened for their antibacterial properties, C. hirta leaves were found to be active against some Gram negative and Gram positive bacteria. The bacteria it was active against include Staphylococcus aureus, Enterobacter cloacae, Pseudomonas fluorescens, Proteus vulgaris, Micrococcus luteus, Mycobacterium phlei, Mycobacterium rhodochrous, Mycobacterium smegmatis.

Toxicities

No documentation

Clinical Data

Clinical Trials

No documentation

Adverse Effects in Human:

No documentation

Used in Certain Conditions

Pregnancy / Breastfeeding

No documentation

Age Limitations

Neonates / Adolescents

No documentation

Geriatrics

No documentation

Chronic Disease Conditions

No documentation

Interactions

Interactions with drugs

No documentation

Interactions with Other Herbs / Herbal Constituents

No documentation

Contraindications

Contraindications

No documentation

Case Reports

No documentation

References

  1. Clidemia hirta (L.) D. Don. http://www.fs.fed.us/global/iitf/pdf/shrubs/Clidemia%20hirta.pdf [Accessed on 7/10/2010]
  2. Hairy Clidemia. http://www.sac.org/download/KNOW_YOUR_DILLENIA_2.pdf [Accessed on 9/10/2010]
  3. Quentin C. B. Cronk, Janice L. Fuller, Plant invaders: the threat to natural ecosystems, Chapman & Hall, London, 1995. pg 73
  4. Peter Hanelt Mansfeld’s Encyclopedia of Agriculture and Horticultural Crops Volume 5 Springer-Verlag Berlin 2001 pg 967
  5. M.D.Dassanayake, Francis Raymond Fosberg A Revised Handbook to the Flora of Ceylon, Volume 6 Taylor & Francis London 1988 pg 177
  6. PA Meléndez Antibacterial properties of tropical plants from Puerto Rico 2006/ http://www.thefreelibrary.com/Antibacterial+properties+of+tropical+plants+from+Puerto+Rico-a0144757039 [Accessed on: 01st November 2010]

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