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Nepenthes gracilis


Nepenthes lavis [1]

Vernacular Names:


Periok Kera (Penin. Malaysia); Kukuanga, Akar entuyut, Entuyut melaban (Sabah)


Suludsulud, Sogonsogon [2] [3] [4] [5]

General Information


Nepenthes gracilis is a member of the Nepenthaceae family. It is a climber with fine tendrils. Pitchers of the lower leaves are tubular, 8–10cm long, green but sometimes tinged reddish, with a slightly swollen and shortly incurved base. The leaf-blades are lanceolate or linear, 10–20cm long, sessile. The flowers are inconspicuous and lacking in petals. [2]

Plant Part Used

Leaves, stems and roots

Chemical Constituents

Epishinanolone; isoshinanolone; kaempferol; plumbagin; quercetin; shinanolone [7]

Traditional Used:

Gastrointestinal Diseases

Decoction of the roots and stem is used to treat stomach and diarrhea. [3] [6]

Respiratory Diseases

Decoction of the roots and stems is also good for cough and fever. [3]


Decoction of the whole plant is given to women after childbirth presumably to enhance contraction of the uterus. [3] (due to the content of plumbagin). [7]

Other uses

The liquid from the open pitcher has the ability to promote hair growth and for this purpose it is massaged into the scalp. [5] This liquid can also be used to treat eye problems. [6] Decoction of the roots and stems is used for treatment of kidney stones and hypertension. [6] Juice extracted from the stem is a remedy for pain in venomous bites. [6]

Pre-Clinical Data


No documentation


No documentation

Clinical Data

Clinical Trials

No documentation

Adverse Effects in Human:

No documentation

Used in Certain Conditions

Pregnancy / Breastfeeding

Due to its content of plumbagin which has abortifacient properties, there should be restricted use of this plant during pregnancy.

Age Limitations

Neonates / Adolescents

No documentation


No documentation

Chronic Disease Conditions

No documentation


Interactions with drugs

No documentation

Interactions with Other Herbs / Herbal Constituents

No documentation



No documentation

Case Reports

No documentation


  1. Dr. R.D. Hooker On the Bornean Species of Nepenthes Transactions of the Linnean Society, Volume 22 Longman, Green, Longmans and Roberts London 1859 pg. 422
  2. Hsuan Keng, Ro-Siu Ling, Keng Keng Concise Flora of Singapore: Gymnosperms and Dicotyledons Singapore University Press Singapore 1990 pg. 55
  3. Muhamad Zakaria & Mustafa Ali Mohd. Traditional Malay Medicinal Plants Institut Terjemahan Negara Malaysia Berhad. Kuala Lumpur 2010 pg. 93
  4. Elmer Drew Merril A Dictionary of the Plant Names of the Philippines Islands BiblioLife LLC Manila 1903 pg 106, 179
  5. Kamarudin Mat-Salleh, A. Latiff Tumbuhan Ubatan Malaysia Pusat Pengurusan Penyelidikan Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia Bangi 2002 pg. 267
  6. Article on Periuk Kera ( Accessed on 20th October 2010
  7. Aung HH, Chia LS, Goh NK, Chia TF, Ahmed AA, Pare PW, Mabry TJ. Phenolic constituents from the leaves of the carnivorous plant Nepenthes gracilis. Fitoterapia. 2002 Aug;73(5):445-7.

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