Alpinia rafflesianum Wallich

Alpinia rafflesianum Wallich




Languas rafflesiana (Wallich) Burkill.

Vernacular Names

Malaysia Puar mengkang, tepus kijai.

Geographical Distributions

Alpinia rafflesianum is found in Malaysia.


A. rafflesianum is a slender herb that can grow measures up to 1-1.2 m tall.

The leaves are lance-shaped, up to measuring 30 cm x 7.5 cm and pubescent. The panicle is short, compact, measures 5-10 cm long and with measures about 7.5 cm in diametre.

The sepal is cup-shaped, 1.2 cm long and red while the petal tube is nearly twice the sepal. The lobes are orange, red-tipped, up to 3 cm long, broadly ovate labellum, orange, darker veined, with 2 staminodes, short and with purple apex.

The capsule is spherical in shape, measures about 1 cm in diametre, hairy and green.

Ecology / Cultivation

A. rafflesianum is rather common in secondary forest from sea-level up to 1200 m altitude.

Line Drawing / Photograph



    1. Plant Resources of South-East Asia No. 12 (2): Medicinal and poisonous plants.