Amomum uliginosum J.G. König ex Retz.

Amomum uliginosum J.G. König ex Retz.





Vernacular Names

Malaysia Puar hijau, puar gajah, tepus merah (Peninsular).
Thailand Krawaan paa (Pattani).

Geographical Distributions

Thailand and Peninsular Malaysia.


Amomum uliginosum. is a large herb that can grow measures up to 300 cm tall, with subterranean, long and much branched rhizome while the leafy shoots are widely apart.

The leaves are narrowly lance-shaped, measuring up to 50 cm x 7 cm and with caudate apex.

The inflorescence is small and spherical, measures up to 5 cm long while on the peduncle it is up to 10 cm long. The bracts are measures 2.5-3 cm long, about 2 cm long bracteoles and tubular at the base. The flowers are with petal tube that are as long as or slightly longer thanthe sepal. The labellum is ovate and strongly concave, white, sometimes with 2 dark red spots at the base and with a dark crimson stripe on each side. The anther is with a 3-lobed appendage, which having spreads at the side lobes.

The fruit is measuring up to 2 cm long that is covered by slender and soft red spines.

Ecology / Cultivation

A. uliginosum is locally abundant in lowland forest and on river banks, up to 1000 m altitude.

Line Drawing / Photograph



    1. Plant Resources of South-East Asia No. 12 (1): Medicinal and poisonous plants.