Artabotrys suaveolens (Blume) Blume

Artabotrys suaveolens (Blume) Blume




Unona suaveolens Blume.

Vernacular Names

Malaysia Akar chenana, akar larak.
Philippines Susong-kalabau, susong-damulag (Tagalog), bahai-balagan (Cebu Bisaya).
Thailand Aa-kaa-kai (Peninsular).

Geographical Distributions

From north-eastern India, Burma (Myanmar), throughout the Malay Peninsular to Indonesia and the Philippines.


Artabotry. suaveolens is a scandent shrub or climber that can reach measures up to 25 m tall. The young twigs are with many fine appressed brown hairs.

The leaves are elliptical, measuring 5-18 cm x 2-6 cm, wedge-shaped base, obtuse apex, long-acuminate while the petiole is very slender and it is measures about 0.5-1 cm long.
The inflorescence is with many-flowered that consist of up to 3-5-flowered fascicles on a recurved hook-like peduncle. The sepals are broadly ovate and unite at the base. There are 6 petals where the outer petals are measures up to 1.5 cm long while the inner petals are shorter, all densely appressed hairy, creamy white or yellow and with 4-5 carpels.

The monocarp is an ellipsoid and obtuse. It is yellow and with a size of measures 2.5-3.5 cm long.

Ecology / Cultivation

A. suaveolens is found in dry thickets, secondary forest and primary forest from 100-800 m altitude.

Line Drawing / Photograph



    1. Plant Resources of South-East Asia No. 12 (2): Medicinal and poisonous plants.