Compilation of herbal plants (description, geographical distribution, taxonomy, line drawings), biodiversity and herbarium.

Read More
Research & Publication

Description of herbal and T&CM research, searchable publication and process from medicinal plant discovery to clinical trial in producing a high-quality registered herbal drug.

Read More
Traditional & Complementary Medicine (T&CM)


Definition and description of therapies, policy, training and education, research in the practise of (T&CM) and integrated medicine system.           

Read More


News Update

Announcement & Advertisement

Forthcoming Events

International Conference on Traditional Medicine and Phytochemistry 2021

From Mon, 12. July 2021 Until Wed, 14. July 2021

Asian Symposium on Medicinal Plants and Spices XVII (2020)

From Tue, 17. August 2021 Until Thu, 19. August 2021

Barringtonia macrostachya (Jack) Kurz

Barringtonia macrostachya (Jack) Kurz




B. acuminata Korth., B. balabacensis Merr., B. cochinchinensis (Blume) Merr. ex Gagnep.

Vernacular Names

Malaysia Putat bukit putih, putat gajah (Peninsular), semuting (Sarawak).
English Red putat.
Indonesia Kayu putat, tuwah dotan (Sumatra), panga ha (Morotai).
Philippines Apalang (Tagalog), karakauat (Negrito), ulam (Tagbanua).
Burma (Myanmar) cây tam lang, thay nya oo.
Thailand Chik nom (Peninsular), chik nawn wan, chick.
Vietnam Tam lang, chi[ees]c ch[uf]m to.

Geographical Distributions

From southern China, Burma (Myanmar) and Indo-China to Thailand, Peninsular Malaysia, Singapore, Sumatra, Borneo, northern Sulawesi, the Moluccas, and the Philippines.


B. macrostachya is a shrub to medium-sized tree. It is measures 4-20(-30) m tall, 3-35(-90) cm in diametre of the trunk while the twigs are 5-10 mm in diametre.

The leaves are obovate-oblong to oblong, with a size of (10-)15-25(-45) cm x (4-)6-8(-10) cm, wedge-shaped base, cuspidate or caudate apex, shallowly serrate-crenulate, hairless while the petiole is measuring 2.5-10(-17) cm long.

The spike is terminal or ramiflorous, pendulous, (10-)19-45(-75) cm long and up to 60-flowered or more. The opening buds are measures 0.7-0.9 cm long. The sepal tube is measures about 1-3 mm long. Sepals are free, red, purple, or magenta. The 4 petals are elliptical, convex, measuring 2-2.5 cm x 1.5 cm, white, pink or red. The stamens are in 4(-5) whorls. They are measures 2.5-3 cm long, white, red or pink. The ovary is 4-celled, with 4-4.5 cm long style, red or magenta.

The berry is an obovoid, with a size of measuring 5.5-9 cm x 2-4 cm and tetragonous. The pericarp is measured about 3-10 mm thick. The exocarp is measuring 0.5-3 mm thick while the mesocarp is spongy and fibrous. It is measures 1-8 mm thick, fibrous endocarp and it is 0.5-2 mm thick.

The seed is an ovoid, measuring 3-4.5 cm x 1-2.5 cm, quadrangular and ribbed.


Ecology / Cultivation

B. macrostachya is found in primary and secondary forest on hills, along rivers, or in periodically inundated or swampy areas, mostly on sand or loam, from sea-level up to 700(-1300) m altitude.

Line Drawing / Photograph



  1. Plant Resources of South-East Asia No. 12 (2): Medicinal and poisonous plants.

Explore Further

Consumer Data

Consumer data including medicinal herbs, dietary supplement monographs, health condition monographs and interactions and depletions.                                    

Read More
Professional Data

Professional data organized into medicinal herbs, dietary supplement monographs, health condition monographs, T&CM herbs, formulas, health conditions, interactions and depletions.

Read More
International Data

We offer International linkages to provide extensive content pertaining to many facets of T&CM as well as Integrated Medicine. Please register for access.    

Read More