Lipoperoxidation Induced by Hydrogen Peroxide in Human Erythrocyte Membranes. 2. Comparison of the Antioxidant Effect of Ginkgo biloba Extract (EGb 761) with Those of Water-soluble and Lipid-soluble Antioxidants


Kose L




J Intern Med Res


An in vitro model using healthy human erythrocyte suspensions was used to compare the antioxidant effect of standardized Ginkgo biloba extract (EGb 761) with those of water-soluble (ascorbic acid, glutathione and uric acid) and lipid-soluble (alpha-tocopherol and retinol acetate) antioxidants. Lipid peroxidation was induced by hydrogen peroxide in the absence (control) and presence of antioxidants at low (25 micrograms/ml) and high (250 micrograms/ml) concentrations. Malondialdehyde production was determined as the indicator of lipid peroxidation during the incubation period. The results suggest that all of the antioxidants, except ascorbic acid, have antioxidant potential in this system in a concentration-dependent manner. When the antioxidants were compared, EGb 761 was found to be more effective than water-soluble antioxidants, and as effective as lipid-soluble antioxidants. Among the lipid-soluble antioxidants there was no significant difference in potency between alpha-tocopherol and retinol acetate, but uric acid was the most potent of the water-soluble antioxidants. The antioxidant potency of EGb 761 appears to be comparable with that of the well-known antioxidants alpha-tocopherol and retinol acetate.

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