Curcuma petiolata Roxb.

Synonyms

No documentation

Vernacular Names

Malaysia Temu Putri
English Hidden lily, Quenn lily
Indonesia Temu Putri, Temu Badur, Temu Gus (Java); Temu tihing (Bali)
Thailand Wan Bao Chan
India Tavakhira [1] [2] [4] [6] [7]

General Information

Description

Curcuma petiolata Roxb. is a member of the Zingiberaceae family. The rhizome of this plant is small and palmate in shape. In cross-section the rhizome is pale yellow in colour. There are numerous pendulous, tubers on short fusiform fibres. The stem can reach up to 60 cm. The leaves are long-petioled, oblong, ovate with rounded base. Some varieties have marginal cream coloured strips giving it a variegated appearance. The whole plant is generally green, except for the lilac-coloured come of the inflorescence. The inflorescence is central with small coma of a lilac colour. The bractes are perfectly united almost to the broad, reniform apex forming deep pouches for the small yellow flowers. These flowers are fragrant. [3] [5]

Plant Part Used

Stem and Rhizomes. [7]

Chemical Constituents

Hydrodistillation yields 0.13% v/w of a light yellow essential oil with major compounds are 2-methyl-5-pentanol; 1H-pyrrol-1-amine,2-(4-methoxyphenyl)-n,n,5-trimethyl, curcumol [7] and germacrone [8]

Traditional Uses

In Thailand the stem and rhizome are used externally for wounds. It also forms part of the ingredient for steam bath. [7] The aborigines of Upper Perak make use of the juice from the rhizome to treat stomach ache. [9] In Indonesia the rhizome is used in pot herbs to aid in enhancing the effects of the master herb. It is used in the making of powder together with ginger, pepper and Javanese sugar as an appetite stimulant for women after childbirth[10]

Preclinical Data

Pharmacology

Antioxidant activity

The ethylacetate extract of the rhizome of C. petiolata showed the highest reducing inhibition of radical scavenging activity with IC50 0.092 mg/ml while the dichloromethane extract showed highest reducing power with IC50 of 0.271 mg/ml, which is lower than that of the standard curcumin (IC50 = 0.013 mg/ml) and ascorbic acid (IC50 = 0.013 mg/ml). [7]

Toxicities

No documentation

Teratogenic effects

No documentation

Clinical Data

Clinical Trials

No documentation

Adverse Effects in Human:

No documentation

Used in Certain Conditions

Pregnancy / Breastfeeding

No documentation

Age Limitations

Neonates / Adolescents

No documentation

Geriatrics

No documentation

Chronic Disease Conditions

No documentation

Interactions

Interactions with drugs

No documentation

Interactions with Other Herbs / Herbal Constituents

No documentation

Contraindications

Contraindications

No documentation

Case Reports

No documentation

References

  1. Hanelt P. Mansfeld’s Encyclopedia of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops, Springer, Berlin, 2001, pg. 2383
  2. Lawrence E. Gardening for Love: The Market Bulletins Duke University Press Durham 1987 pg. 44
  3. Roxburgh W. Flora Indica; Description of Indian Plants Volume 1 W. Thacker & Co. Calcutta 1832 pg. 37
  4. Muhlisah F. Temu-Temuan & Empon-Empon, Budi Daya dan Manfaatnya, Kanisius pg. 81
  5. European Garden Flora Editorial Committee. European Garden Flora: Juncaceae to Orchidaceae, Cambridge University Press Melbourne 2003, pg. 127
  6. Seidenberg C. The New Orleans Garden: Gardening in the Gulf South, Silkmont & Count, New Orleans 1990 pg. 235
  7. Thakam A., Saewan N. Chemical Composition of Essential Oil and Antioxidant Activities of Curcuma petiolata Roxb. Rhizomes., Advanced Material Research Apr. 2012 Vol 506:393-396
  8. Shivhare Y. Medicinal Plants as Source of Antiemetic Agents: A Review., Asian J. Pharm. Tech. 2011; Vol. 1(2):25-27
  9. Anbu Jeba Sunilson John Samuel, Anandarajagopal Kalusalingam, Dinesh Kumar Chellappan, Rejitha Gopinath1, Suraj Radhamani1, Hj Azman Husain, Vignesh Muruganandham, Proom Promwichit. Ethnomedical survey of plants used by the Orang Asli in Kampung Bawong, Perak, West Malaysia Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine 2010 6:5.
  10. Sastroamidjojo S. Obat Asli Indonesia, Dian Rakyat Jakarta 1997 pg. 257