Ethnobotany and Essential Oil Composition of Artemisia absinthium L. in North of Iran

Author

Mazandarani M and Ghaemi E O

Proceeding

Traditional & Complementary Medicine Exhibition 2007 (TCME 2007), Putra World Trade Centre (PWTC), Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia

Date

17/7/2007

Keyword

Artemisia absinthium L., ethnobotany and phenology in Golestan Province (Iran)

Abstract

ArtemisiaabsiathiumL. is wide grown in Golestan Province of north of Iran , which has been used by the rural healersinternally or externally for treatment of rheumatic pains, antibacterial and healing wounds.The objective of this study wereto introduce important useful parts and their different preparation, part used and its chemical composition. The chemical composition of essential oils of aerial plant materials that grow naturally in Golestan province at the flowering stage in 2005 were studied. Oils were prepared by steam distillation method. A.absinthiumL. is a perennial under shrub indigenousendemic medicine herb, which has been used in folk medicine by the rural healers, externally for sedative analgesic,rheumatic pain, antifungal, antibacterial and healing wounds in Iranian traditional medicine. We found that this plant is one of the most important indigenous endemic herbs, that prefers growing in 2250- 3150 m. Its flower stage in early August to September. A total of 90 chemical components were identified. Sabinene, (7.8%) myrcene (8.3%) , 1,8 cineole (18.5%),artemisia ketone (4.9%), linalool (1.1%) and thujene (4.16%), were the major constituents of this essential oil.