Pattern of Traditional and Complementary Medicine Utilization by the Malaysian Public

Author

SITI ZURAIDAH MAHMUD, AMI FAZLIN SYED MOHAMED, TAHIR ARIS, SITI HASLINDA MOHD. DIN, IDA FARAH AHMAD, ZULKARNAIN ABDUL KARIM, ZAKIAH ISMAIL, NIK NIZAM NIK HASSAN

Proceeding

The 21st Annual Seminar of the Malaysian Natural Product Society.(Herbal Medicine:Natural Products S ciety), Palm Garden, Putrajaya Malaysia.

Date

22/11/2005

Keyword

Traditional and complementary medicine, modalities, utilization, Malaysian public.

Abstract

In recent years, traditional and complementary medicine (T/CM) has captured the attention of many people and has impacted healthcare utilization. The modalities of T/CM are diverse and varied and the situation in Malaysia has not been documented. The objective of this study was to determine the types of T/CM modalities that are being utilized by the Malaysian population. A nation wide interviewer-administered questionnaire survey was conducted in August 2004. Open ended questions pertaining to modalities were utilized to increase probability of capturing most data. Post survey classification was done accordingly.  The modalities reported were classified into four main groups: mind body medicine, biologically based therapies, manipulative and body-based therapies and whole medical systems. Examples of the commonly used modalities were the use of prayers, application/beauty/hygiene products, midwifery practice, acupuncture, Traditional Chinese Medicine, Ayurveda and diet-based therapies. The majority of the biologically based therapies are made up of herb based medicine either in single or mixture forms. The mixtures were used in combination with other herbs or with animal parts.  The study illustrated that multiple modalities were utilized by Malaysians.