Medicinal and Aromatic Plants : Strategies and Technologies for Conservation. Medicinal And Aromatic Plants Of Malaysia: Approaches To Exploitation And Conservation

Author

A. Latiff

Proceeding

Symposium 'State-of-the-Art Strategies and Technologies for Conservation of Medicinal and Aromatic Plants' held under the auspices of G-15 Gene Banks for Medicinal and Aromatic Plants, Kuala Lumpur Malaysia.

Date

29/9/1997

Keyword

medicinal plants, aromatic plants, exploitation

Abstract

Malaysia is blessed with some valuable resources of medicinal and aromatic plants. In the last decade or so scientific progress and deeper insights into the unexploited potential of our country's flora for pharmaceutical, curative purposes and essential oil market have led to a greatly renewed interest in these plants The industry is beginning to move from a small-scale production which is based entirely on the indigenous knowledge to the medium-and large-scale production for local consumption and export. In the past the cultivation and harvesting of these plants from the wild have provided substantial additional income to the local people and at the same time impoverished the wild populations. However, as the markets for these products widen fhere is a potential to develop them into an export market economy. The genetic diversity of these plants is yet to be realised but genetic erosion has taken place. Hence there is an urgent need to address the question of both the sustainable utilisation and in situ and ex situ conservation of medicinal and aromatic plants. Current and newly improved methods of conservation are discussed.