Medicinal Plants Used By Bajau Community In Sabah

Author

Fasihuddin B. Ahmad, Rahman A. Hamid and Hasmah Raji , Department of Chemistry Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Sabah Campus Locked Bag No.62, 88996 Kota Kinabalu Sabah, Malaysia

Proceeding

Trends in Traditional Medicine Research, Proceedings of the International Conference on the Use of Traditional Medicine & Other Natural Products in Health Care

Date

8/6/1993

Keyword

Bajau, medicinal plants, antibacterial screening.

Abstract

A study has been carried out to determine medicinal plants used hy Bajau community in Sabah. A total of 70 plants species have been collected and their uses recorded. Members of the Leguminosae, Menipermaceae, Myrtaceae, Simarouhaceae, Solanaceae and Zingiberaceae family are widely used to cure several diseases. Some of the plants commonly used include Blumea balsamifera (stomach ache, postparturation aid to mothers), Brucea javanica (wounds, stomach ache, antimalaria). Costus speciosus (cough, fever, small pox), Desmos chinensis (fever, headache), Eurycoma apicuiala (stomach ache, tonic, antimalaria), Gandarusa vulgaris (lumbago, postparturation aid to mothers, stomach ache), Labisia pothoina (tonic after giving birth), Ttnomischium petiolare (wounds, antimalaria, antihypertensive, diabetes, lumbago) and Tinospora crispa (antihypertensive, diabetes, lumbago). Antibacterical screening for all the samples collected have been studied using Bacillus subtilis. Streptococcus feacalis, Staphylococcus aureus, Escherichia coli, Proteus mirabilis, Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Salmonella typhi. Results on antibacterial screening showed that plants commonly used for treating wounds, cuts and diarrhoea posses significant antibacterial activity.