image
Conservation

Compilation of herbal plants (description, geographical distribution, taxonomy, line drawings), biodiversity and herbarium.

Read More
image
Research & Publication

Description of herbal and T&CM research, searchable publication and process from medicinal plant discovery to clinical trial in producing a high-quality registered herbal drug.

Read More
 
Traditional & Complementary Medicine (T&CM)

 

Definition and description of therapies, policy, training and education, research in the practise of (T&CM) and integrated medicine system.           

Read More

 

News Update

Announcement & Advertisement

Forthcoming Events

113th MOH-AMM Scientific Meeting 2019

From Tue, 27. August 2019 Until Thu, 29. August 2019

14 th World Congress on Pharmacology and Toxicology

From Wed, 11. September 2019 Until Thu, 12. September 2019

25th International Coneference on Advanced Clinical Research and Clinical Trials

From Mon, 16. September 2019 Until Tue, 17. September 2019

17th World Congress on Drug Formualtion & Drug Delivery

From Wed, 25. September 2019 Until Thu, 26. September 2019

19th World Congress on Advances in Pharmaceutical Sciences

From Mon, 14. October 2019 Until Tue, 15. October 2019

Agelaea macrophylla (Zoll.) Leenh.

Agelaea macrophylla (Zoll.) Leenh.

Family

Connaraceae

Synonyms

Agelaea wallichii Hook.f., Agelaea trinervis (Llanos) Merr., Castanola macrophylla Schellenb.

Vernacular Names

Malaysia Akar pinang kutai, akar nyamok, kelentit nyamok (Peninsular).
Indonesia Areuy koko-tokan (Sundanese), anceng (Javanese), akar tanduk (Sumatra).
Philippines Tayabak, ulali (Tagalog), dagtung (Manobo).
Thailand Thao som ching (Surat Thani), ma khroh (Krabi).
Vietnam D[aa]y tr[uw][owf]ng ng[aa]n.

Geographical Distributions

A. macrophylla occurs in Indo-China, Thailand, Peninsular Malaysia, Sumatra, Java, Bali, Borneo, the Moluccas and the Philippines.

Description

This is a large liana, with stem up to 4 cm in diametre. The leaf stalk is up to 15 cm long while the stipules are absent.

The leaves are with three leaflets. The leaflets are egg-shaped to elliptical-oblong, about 4-34 cm x 2-14 cm. They are entire. The upper surface has many mucous cells, which looks like small pits in dried material.

Inflorescence is an axillary, paniculate and often several together in the axil of a sometimes-rudimentary leaf, up to 5 cm long. Flowers are bisexual, (4-)5-merous, up to 6 mm long, sweet-scented and more or less heterodistylous. Pedicels are jointed. The sepals are nearly free. Petals are much longer than sepals, free and whitish. There are 10 stamens, shortly united at base with 5 are slightly longer than the other 5. The carpels are 5, superior and free.

Fruit is consisting of 1-5 follicles, obovoid, with or without a beak at the apex, velvety, orange to red, dehiscing by a ventral suture and 1-seeded.

Seeds are fleshy, yellow to red testa in lower part and black but glossy testa in upper part. They are without endosperm.

The cotyledons are thick and planoconvex. 

Ecology / Cultivation

A. macrophylla occurs in all kinds of forest, primary as well as secondary, on marshy soils to limestone rocks, up to 800 m altitude.

Line Drawing / Photograph

Agelaea_macrophylla_Zoll_Leenh

References

  1. Plant Resources of South-East Asia No.12(3): Medicinal and poisonous plants 3. 2003.

Explore Further

Consumer Data

Consumer data including medicinal herbs, dietary supplement monographs, health condition monographs and interactions and depletions.                                    

Read More
Professional Data

Professional data organized into medicinal herbs, dietary supplement monographs, health condition monographs, T&CM herbs, formulas, health conditions, interactions and depletions.

Read More
International Data

We offer International linkages to provide extensive content pertaining to many facets of T&CM as well as Integrated Medicine. Please register for access.    

Read More