Compilation of herbal plants (description, geographical distribution, taxonomy, line drawings), biodiversity and herbarium.

Read More
Research & Publication

Description of herbal and T&CM research, searchable publication and process from medicinal plant discovery to clinical trial in producing a high-quality registered herbal drug.

Read More
Traditional & Complementary Medicine (T&CM)


Definition and description of therapies, policy, training and education, research in the practise of (T&CM) and integrated medicine system.           

Read More


News Update

Announcement & Advertisement

Forthcoming Events

14th International Conference on Biopharma and Biotherapeutics

From Fri, 25. October 2019 Until Sat, 26. October 2019

World Conference on Pharmaceutical Chemistry and Clinical Research

From Wed, 27. November 2019 Until Thu, 28. November 2019

15th Annual Congress on Pharmacology and Toxicology

From Mon, 2. December 2019 Until Tue, 3. December 2019

3rd International Conference and Exhibition on Pharmaceutical Nanotechnology and Nanomedicine

From Mon, 24. February 2020 Until Tue, 25. February 2020

21st Interntaional Conference and Exhibition on Pharmaceutics & Novel Drug Delivery Systems

From Wed, 11. March 2020 Until Thu, 12. March 2020

Quinqueginsin, a novel protein with anti-human immunodeficiency virus, antifungal, ribonuclease and cell-free translation-inhibitory activities from American ginseng roots.


Wang HX, Ng TB




Biochem Biophys Res Commun


A homodimeric protein designated quinqueginsin, with a molecular weight of 53 kDa, has been isolated from the roots of American ginseng Panax quinquefolium. It was unadsorbed on DEAE cellulose in low ionic strength and neutral pH, and adsorbed on Affigel blue gel and SP-Sepharose under similar conditions. Its N-terminal sequence bore similarity to those of plant ribosome inactivating proteins and fungal ribonucleases. The protein displayed a variety of biological activities. It possessed ribonucleolytic activity toward yeast tRNA and specific activity toward poly C. It inhibited cell-free translation in a rabbit reticulocyte lysate system with an IC(50) of 0.26 nM, and exerted antifungal action against Fusarium oxysporum, Rhizoctonia solani, and Coprinus comatus. An inhibitory action was expressed toward human immunodeficiency virus-1 reverse transcriptase. This action was potentiated after chemical modification with succinic anhydride.

Explore Further

Consumer Data

Consumer data including medicinal herbs, dietary supplement monographs, health condition monographs and interactions and depletions.                                    

Read More
Professional Data

Professional data organized into medicinal herbs, dietary supplement monographs, health condition monographs, T&CM herbs, formulas, health conditions, interactions and depletions.

Read More
International Data

We offer International linkages to provide extensive content pertaining to many facets of T&CM as well as Integrated Medicine. Please register for access.    

Read More