image
Conservation

Compilation of herbal plants (description, geographical distribution, taxonomy, line drawings), biodiversity and herbarium.

Read More
image
Research & Publication

Description of herbal and T&CM research, searchable publication and process from medicinal plant discovery to clinical trial in producing a high-quality registered herbal drug.

Read More
 
Traditional & Complementary Medicine (T&CM)

 

Definition and description of therapies, policy, training and education, research in the practise of (T&CM) and integrated medicine system.           

Read More

 

News Update

Announcement & Advertisement

Forthcoming Events

3rd International Conference and Exhibition on Pharmaceutical Nanotechnology and Nanomedicine

From Mon, 24. February 2020 Until Tue, 25. February 2020

21st Interntaional Conference and Exhibition on Pharmaceutics & Novel Drug Delivery Systems

From Wed, 11. March 2020 Until Thu, 12. March 2020

6th Annual Congress on Clinical & Hospital Pharmacy

From Mon, 23. March 2020 Until Tue, 24. March 2020

2nd International Conference on Bio-Pharmaceuticals

From Wed, 25. March 2020 Until Thu, 26. March 2020

Triumfetta bartramia L.

Triumfetta bartramia L.

Family

Tiliaceae

Synonyms

Triumfetta rhomboidea Jacq.

Vernacular Names

Malaysia Pulut-pulut, champadang.
English Chinese burr, burrbush, burrweed.
Indonesia Sukupan (Javanese), pungpurutan (Sundanese), galopang (Minakasa).
Thailand Poyumyuu (Northern), seng (Peninsular).
Philippines Kulutkulutan (Tagalog, Pangasinan), bulagun (Sulu), kollo-kolot (Sambali, Iloko).
Vietnam Day k[es], gai d[aaf]u.
Papua New Guinea Gavana (Goldie river, Central Province), siponi (Killerton, Oro Province).

Geographical Distributions

Triumfetta bartramia is distributed from tropical Africa to tropical Asia including Southeast Asia, mainly as a weed.

Description

T. bartramia is an erect, branched, more or less annually hairy, often sub-woody shrub and it is measures 0.5-1.5 m tall.

The leaves arrangement is alternate, variable, orbicular or rhomboid-ovate. They measure 2.5-8 cm long, entire or 3-lobed. The upper leaves are smaller, oblong to ovate-lance-shaped, not lobed, while the base is obtuse to round and the apex is acuminate. The margins are serrate-dentate. The upper surface is covered by simple hairs, green but at the lower surface, it is covered by star-like hairs which are greyish and supported by a stalk measures about 0.3-7 cm long. The stipules measure 3 mm long.

The inflorescence is arising from the axils or terminal clusters of cymes with peduncle and the bracteoles narrowly egg-shaped. The flowers are radially symmetrical that are 5-merous while the pedicel measures 1 mm long. The sepals have their segments that are free and linear which is measure between 4.5-5.5 mm long. They are hairy outside with apical appendages and measuring 1-2 mm long. The petals are free, imbricate, narrowly reverse egg-shaped are measure between 3-4.5 mm long and yellow. The male reproductive organs column is measure 0.2 mm long, with 5 rounded glands with 10 stamens. The ovary is superior, slender style and 2-dentate stigma.

Its fruit is small, rounded and indehiscent. The capsule is with spines, 3-4 mm in diametre, and spines are measure 1-2 mm long, hooked at the apex and smooth. The seeds are (2-)4(-6) and semi-ovoid measuring 2-2.5 mm long. The seedling is with epigeal germination.

Ecology / Cultivation

T. bartramia is common along roadsides, in waste places and other ruderal locations, up to 1200 m altitude.

Line Drawing / Photograph

Triumfetta_bartramia

References

  1. Plant Resources of South-East Asia No 12(2): Medicinal and poisonous plants 2

Explore Further

Consumer Data

Consumer data including medicinal herbs, dietary supplement monographs, health condition monographs and interactions and depletions.                                    

Read More
Professional Data

Professional data organized into medicinal herbs, dietary supplement monographs, health condition monographs, T&CM herbs, formulas, health conditions, interactions and depletions.

Read More
International Data

We offer International linkages to provide extensive content pertaining to many facets of T&CM as well as Integrated Medicine. Please register for access.    

Read More