Agathis dammara (Lambert) Rich.
Agathis loranthifolia Salisb., Agathis celebica (Koord.) Warb., Agathis hamii Meijer Drees.
|Indonesia||Dammar raja (General), kisi (Buru), salo (Ternate).|
Agathis dammara is distributed from the Philippines (Palawan and Samar), Sulawesi and the Moluccas; planted on a fairly large scale in Java.
A. dammara is a very large tree that can reach up to 65 m tall. The adult leaves are elliptical, measuring 6-8 cm x 2-3 cm, taper towards the rounded apex and with solitary resin canals.
The mature pollen cones measuring 4-6 cm x 1.2-1.4 cm. They are subtended by a peduncle that measure about 3 mm long while the microsporophylls are with a spoon-shaped apical part which measure about 2 mm x 2.5 mm and slightly angled at the apex.
The mature seed cones are oval, measuring 9-10.5 cm x 7.5-9.5 cm while the seed bracts are roughly obtriangular with a small projection near the base on one side. The seed is with a short acute projection on one upper corner and a wing on the other.
A. dammara is scattered but locally common in lowland rainforests up to 1200 m altitude. It is sometimes regarded as conspecific with A. philippinensis. The density of the wood is 380-660 kg/m3 at 15% moisture content.