image
Conservation

Compilation of herbal plants (description, geographical distribution, taxonomy, line drawings), biodiversity and herbarium.

Read More
image
Research & Publication

Description of herbal and T&CM research, searchable publication and process from medicinal plant discovery to clinical trial in producing a high-quality registered herbal drug.

Read More
 
Traditional & Complementary Medicine (T&CM)

 

Definition and description of therapies, policy, training and education, research in the practise of (T&CM) and integrated medicine system.           

Read More

 

News Update

Announcement & Advertisement

Forthcoming Events

113th MOH-AMM Scientific Meeting 2019

From Tue, 27. August 2019 Until Thu, 29. August 2019

Ischaemum muticum L.

Ischaemum muticum L.

Family

Gramineae

Synonyms

Ischaemum repens Roxb., Ischaemum glabratum Presl, Andropogon repens (Roxb.) Steud.

Vernacular Names

Malaysia Rumput kemarau, rumput tembaga jantan.
English Seashore centipede grass, drought grass.
Indonesia Suket resap (Javanese), rumput kerupet (Bangka).
Thailand Va-waitham (Eastern).
Vietnam Mô[m] trui.

Geographical Distributions

Ischaemum muticum is indigenous to South and Southeast Asia. It is widely distributed in Malaysia, particularly near the sea and in sandy places, and in Thailand, Indonesia, the Philippines, Sri Lanka, India, Burma (Myanmar), and some islands in the western Pacific Ocean. It has been introduced to West Africa and Australia.

Description

I. muticum is a leafy, much branched, with stoloniferous spreading perennial, rooting at the nodes where they touch the soil, sometimes scrambling several metres high among and over shrubs. The stolons measure up to 5 m long or more, with numerous joints and measuring up to 6 mm in diametre which are covered by slightly overlapping pale or purple leaf-sheaths with extremely short leaf-blades and resemble culm-sheaths in bamboos. The flowering culms can reach up to 60 cm tall, hairless and often red.

The leaf-sheath is ciliate along the outer margin. The ligule is truncate, small and with a short ciliate. The leaf-blade is ovate-lance-shaped to linear, measuring 2-18 cm x 0.5-2 cm, acute at the apex, cordate at the base and narrowing into a short pseudo-petiole.

The inflorescence is terminal, composed of 2 racemes closely pressed together where each of it is1.5-5.5 cm long and rarely fully exserted. The spikelets are arranged in pairs which are one sessile and one pedicelled. They are on one side of a triangular rachis and straw-coloured. The sessile spikelet is hairless. The lower glume is distinctly reticulately nerved near the apex and enfolds the spikelet base while the upper glume is with a strongly keeled acute apex. The lower floret is male or hermaphrodite while the upper floret is hermaphrodite. The pedicelled spikelet is hairy. The lower glume is chartaceous and with a winged keel while the upper glume is subchartaceous. The upper lemma of both spikelets is a short-awned where the awn is included in the spikelet.

Ecology / Cultivation

I. muticum is an opportunistic and agressive coloniser of open or disturbed habitats and can develop into huge thickets in drainage canals and ditches. On the edges of secondary forest, the plants grow very large and scrambling among bushes. It tolerates wet conditions, especially flooding, and short dry periods. It is usually found in areas receiving more than 1500 mm rainfall annually. Its presence is sometimes regarded as indicative of poor soil fertility.

Line Drawing / Photograph

Ischaemum_muticum

References

  1. Plant Resources of South-East Asia No. 4: Forages.

Explore Further

Consumer Data

Consumer data including medicinal herbs, dietary supplement monographs, health condition monographs and interactions and depletions.                                    

Read More
Professional Data

Professional data organized into medicinal herbs, dietary supplement monographs, health condition monographs, T&CM herbs, formulas, health conditions, interactions and depletions.

Read More
International Data

We offer International linkages to provide extensive content pertaining to many facets of T&CM as well as Integrated Medicine. Please register for access.    

Read More