Utilization of Machinery Packages in Lemon grass Production

Author

Anuar A., Mohammud Che H., Eddy Herman S., Che Aziz A.W., Hong D.L., and Abdul Ghanl A.
Mechanization and Automation Research Centre, Stesen MARDI Telong. 16310 Bachok, Kelantan
Mechanization and Automation Research Centre. MARDI Headquarters, 43400, Serdang, Selangor
Tel: 09-7877900 Email: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Language

English

Title

Utilization of Machinery Packages in Lemon grass Production

Proceeding

Medicinal and Aromatic Plants Seminar (MAPS 2010)

Date

3rd August - 4th August (2010)

Place Held

Forest Research Institute Malaysia(FRIM)

Abstract

The aromatic lemon grass, Cymbopogon citrates, is an herbaceous tropical perennial belonging to the family Gramineae. Fresh lemongrass srems are used for flavouring, as a seasoning and much valued for its essential oil. Powder extract is also lucrative because of its large commercial potential, both locally and for export. Due to the high demands in the market, the mechanization aspects of lemongrass production are required to pave the way to fulfill the market needs. Mechanization has been one solution to counter issues such as labour shortage and low production rate in the agriculture sector. The adaptation of mechanization system should lower the cost of production, improve quality and also reduce labour needs. Machinery application in lemongrass production is essential especially during planting and harvesting. Current practice relies on a traditional method which is high cost since it requires a lot of man power as well as sluggish technique. By using the mechanical transplanter, it is able to create planting interval of 55-80 cm within row with overall working rate of 2-4 h/ha at single row planting. However, the recommended planting distance for lemongrass is 80x150 cm. The planter used 20-25 cm long planting materials with planting depth of 5-10 cm. Meanwhile, the API harvester used for harvesting activities had been proven to be efficient and workable with good quality harvest with minimal stem injury. Recorded working rate was 2-4 h/ha powered by an 80 hp 4 wheeled tractor.

Keywords

Lemon grass; mechanization; transplanter; harvester

Session

Poster Abstracts: P07

Topic

Harnessing the Tropical heritage: Recent Advances in R&D and commercialization