Screening of High Total Phenolic Content for Two Varieties of Labisia Pumila (Kacip Fatimah) from Five Different Populations

Author

Farah Fazwa M.A., Ab. Rasip A.G., Lokmal N., Mohd Zaki A. & Mohd Noor M., Samsuri T.H., Mohd Asri A., Rohaidah N. and Nornajwa C.L. Plant Improvement Programme, Forest Biotechnology Division, Forest Research Institute Malaysia, 52109 Kepong, Selangor

Language

English

Title

Screening of High Total Phenolic Content for Two Varieties of Labisia Pumila (Kacip Fatimah) from Five Different Populations

Proceeding

Medicinal and Aromatic Plants Seminar (MAPS 2010)

Date

3rd August - 4th August (2010)

Place Held

Forest Research Institute Malaysia(FRIM)

Abstract

This study is undertaken with the aim of identifying high yielding varieties of Labisia pumil throughout Peninsular Malaysia. The two varieties investigated were L. pumila var. alata and L. pumila var. pumila at five natural populations for each variety. The populations for var. were (1) Compartment 15, Gunung lnas F.R., Kulim, Kedah, (2) Bukit Larut F.R. Taiping Perak, (3) Pasoh F.R, Pasoh, (4) Panti F.R., Panti, Johor and (5) Tekai F.R. Jerantut, Pahang N. Sembilan and populations for var. pumila were (1) Compartment 16, Gunung Inas F.R Kulim, Kedah, (2) Pondok Tanjung F.R, Taiping, Perak, (3) Tembat F.R., Kuala Berang F.R., Terengganu, (4) Sungai Nipah F.R., Kemaman, Terengganu and (5) Batu Papan F.R., Gua Musang, Kelantan. Parameters investigated were collar diameter, height, leaf width and leaf number. In addition, soil and weather data for each site were also collected. All samples were screened for total phenolic content in order to identify high yielding plants. Phenolic compounds are a group of phytonutrients that exert strong antioxidant properties important for preventive medicine. Preliminary results indicated that there was a significant difference in the average phenolic content between the two varieties. Var. pumila recorded higher at 2523.54±25.805 mg/GAE as compared to only 1759.76±66.759 mg/GAE for var. alata. For var. pumila, there was significant difference between population 1 (1957.91 mg/GAE) and 2(2677.25 mg/GAE), 3 (2688.27 mg/GAE). 4 (2681.88 mg/GAE) & 5 (2612.38 mg/GAE). For var. alata, populations 3 and 2 produced the highest amount of phenolic content at 2680.79 and 2544.11 mg/GAE, respectively. These were significantly different from populations 1 (1415.50 mg/GAE), 4 (971.42 mg/GAE) and 5 (1186.98 mg/GAE). From the results, high yielding plants would be identified and propagated in FRIM. They would be used to establish superior planting stock source bush for future breeding activities.

Keywords

Labisia pumila var. alata; L. pumila var. pumila; phenolic; high yielding plants; source bush

Session

Poster Abstracts: P45

Topic

Harnessing the Tropical heritage: Recent Advances in R&D and commercialization