image
Conservation

Compilation of herbal plants (description, geographical distribution, taxonomy, line drawings), biodiversity and herbarium.

Read More
image
Research & Publication

Description of herbal and T&CM research, searchable publication and process from medicinal plant discovery to clinical trial in producing a high-quality registered herbal drug.

Read More
 
Traditional & Complementary Medicine (T&CM)

 

Definition and description of therapies, policy, training and education, research in the practise of (T&CM) and integrated medicine system.           

Read More

 

News Update

Announcement & Advertisement

Forthcoming Events

113th MOH-AMM Scientific Meeting 2019

From Tue, 27. August 2019 Until Thu, 29. August 2019

14 th World Congress on Pharmacology and Toxicology

From Wed, 11. September 2019 Until Thu, 12. September 2019

25th International Coneference on Advanced Clinical Research and Clinical Trials

From Mon, 16. September 2019 Until Tue, 17. September 2019

17th World Congress on Drug Formualtion & Drug Delivery

From Wed, 25. September 2019 Until Thu, 26. September 2019

19th World Congress on Advances in Pharmaceutical Sciences

From Mon, 14. October 2019 Until Tue, 15. October 2019

Archidendron jiringa (Jack) Nielsen

Archidendron jiringa (Jack) Nielsen

Family

Leguminosae

Synonyms

Pithecellobium lobatum Benth., P. jiringa (Jack) Prain, Zygia jiringa (Jack) Kosterm.

Vernacular Names

Malaysia Jiring.
Indonesia Jengkol, jering, jingkol, jringkol.
Burma Tangyin, tanyeng-pen.
Thailand Niang (Peninsular), niang-nok (Peninsular), chaniang (Eastern).

Geographical Distributions

Archidendron jiringa is of Southeast Asian origin and occurs wild and cultivated in Malaysia, Indonesia (Java, Sumatra, Kalimantan), Brunei, Thailand, Burma and Bangladesh.

Description

A. jiringa is a tree that can reach measuring up to 20 m tall, with grey smooth bark, white wood, terete and with smooth branchlets.

The leaves are 2-pinnate and measures up to 25 cm long. The petiole is measures 2-6 cm long. The leaflets are 2-3 pairs per pinna, ovate-elliptical to oblong, measuring 8-15 cm x 4-5 cm, opposite, chartaceous, hairless and dark violet-red when young.

The inflorescence is an axillary, paniculate and measures up to 20 cm long. The flowers are sessile, 4-7 together in a pseudo-umbel on a short peduncle, 5-merous and bisexual. The sepal is a cup-shaped. The petal is tubular, measuring 4-5 mm long, with 5-lobed and white. The stamens are numerous where at the base they are united into a tube and with free filament parts that are about 5 mm long.

The fruit is a legume, compressed, falcate or twisted in a wide spiral, more or less deeply lobed along the ventral suture between the seeds, measures 20-25 cm x 3-4 cm, woody, greyish, hairless and dehiscent along the ventral suture.

The seeds are orbicular compressed, measuring about 35 mm x 10 mm, yellow-green testa when young and turn dark brown. The germination is hypogeal and the first five leaves are scale-shaped.

Ecology / Cultivation

A. jiringa occurs in primary and secondary rain forest and in evergreen forest. Trees are often spared when the forest is cut down. It prefers a pervious soil and high rainfall. It is recorded from sandy soil, lateritic soil, reddish sandy clay, flat land and low undulating hills, from sea-level up to 1000(-1600) m altitude.

Line Drawing / Photograph

a22

References

  1. Plant Resources of South-East Asia No. 8: Vegetables.

Explore Further

Consumer Data

Consumer data including medicinal herbs, dietary supplement monographs, health condition monographs and interactions and depletions.                                    

Read More
Professional Data

Professional data organized into medicinal herbs, dietary supplement monographs, health condition monographs, T&CM herbs, formulas, health conditions, interactions and depletions.

Read More
International Data

We offer International linkages to provide extensive content pertaining to many facets of T&CM as well as Integrated Medicine. Please register for access.    

Read More