Uraria crinita (L.) Desv. ex DC.

 

Uraria crinita (L.) Desv. ex DC.

Family

Leguminosae

Synonyms

Hedysarum crinitum L., U. crinita (L.) Desv. ex DC. var. macrostachya (Wallich)    Schindler.

Vernacular Names

Malaysia pokok ekur anjing, serengan hutan, keretak babi.
Indonesia ekor kucing (general), buntut careuh (Sundanese), uler-        uleran (Javanese).
Cambodia chô:l hôk, kântuy châchâ:k (trâcha:k), kântuy kâ-ngaôk.
Laos (do:k) ha:ng kh'a:ngx, ha:ng süa.
Thailand hangmachok, hangkrarok.
Vietnam b[oo]n b[oo]n, (c[aa]y) du[oo]i ch[oo]n.
Singapore pokok ekor anis, seringau.

Geographical Distributions

Uraria crinite is distributed from India and southern China throughout Southeast Asia.

Description

U. crinita is an erect subshrub and with mesure 0.5-2 m tall. The branches are cylindrical and densely pubescent.

The leaves are pinnately compound. The upper leaves are 3-7-foliolate while the lower ones is 3-foliolate. The petiole is a measure 10-13 cm long and pubescent. The stipules are free and about 1 cm long. Stipels are 3 mm long. The leaflets are ovate to lance-shaped, 8-16 cm x 1.5-5.5 cm, acute apex, hairless above and hairy beneath.

The inflorescence is a terminal, cylindrical, densely flowered raceme and with a size of measure about (7-)12-30(-50) cm long. The lower bracts are empty where the upper ones is with 2 flowers, lance-shaped and it is with a size of measure about  10-20 mm x 3-6 mm. The pedicel is measuring 3-15 mm long and with long bristles. The sepal tube is short where the 2 upper teeth are up to measure 6 mm long while the 3 lower teeth are up to measure 7 mm long. The petal is purplish pink in colour . The standard is obovate in shape, with a size of measure about  6-10 mm x 6-8 mm and hairless. The wings are shorter than keel and they are clawed. The keel is measuring 7-9 mm long and clawed. The are 10 diadelphous stamens.

The pod is 2-4(-7)-jointed, constricted between joints, indehiscent, shiny black and hairy.

The seed is kidney-shaped-spherical in shape, compressed, with a size of measure about1.5-2 mm in diametre and brown in colour.

 

Ecology / Cultivation

U. crinita is common in dry grassland, open forest, waste places, roadsides, sandy areas and occasionally in deciduous forest, but not in waterlogged locations, up to 800 m altitude in Java and 1500 m in Indo-China.

 

Line Drawing / Photograph

Uraria_crinita

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References

    1. Plant Resources of South-East Asia No. 11: Auxiliary plants.