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Ipomoea triloba L.

Ipomoea triloba L.

Family

Convolvulaceae

Synonyms

None

Vernacular Names

Malaysia Gegasing, kangkong bulu.
English Three-lobed morning glory.
Philippines Aurora (Sp, Tagalog), bang-ba-ngao (Iloko), muti-muti (Cebu Bisaya).
Thailand Yaa dok khon (North-eastern).
Vietnam b[if]m ba th[uf]y.

Geographical Distributions

Ipomea triloba is a native of tropical America, now a pantropical weed, also in Malesia.

Description

I. triloba is an annual herb where its stems are twining or sometimes prostrate, with a size measure about 1—3 m long, hairless or sparsely hairy.

The leaves are broadly ovate to orbicular in outline, measuring about 2.5-8 cm x 2-7 cm, cordate base while the basal lobes are rounded or angular to lobed. The apex is rounded, coarsely dentate to more or less deeply 3-lobed margins, hairless or sparsely hairy. The petiole is measure about 3-10(-18) cm long and slender.

The flowers are solitary or in a few-flowered cyme. The peduncle is measure 1-10 cm long and with minute bracts. The pedicel is measuring 2.5-8 mm long. The sepals are slightly unequal, with a size of measure 7-8 mm long, narrowly oblong and fimbriate margins. The petal is funnel-shaped, with a size of measure 18-20 mm long, pink or pale red-purple in colour, sometimes with darker centre, hairy filaments at the base and with hairy ovary.

The capsule is slightly globular, with a size measure 5-6 mm long, shortly mucronulate and bristly hairy. There are 4 or less seeds, which are smooth and with a size of measure 3.5 mm long.

Ecology / Cultivation

I. triloba occurs in grassland, thickets, hedges, waste places, savanna forests, along roadsides, and occasionally on sandy beaches, from sea-level up to 750 m altitude. It can be found flowering throughout the year.

Line Drawing / Photograph

Ipomoea_triloba

References

  1. Plant Resources of South-East Asia No. 12 (2): Medicinal and poisonous plants.

 

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