Compilation of herbal plants (description, geographical distribution, taxonomy, line drawings), biodiversity and herbarium.

Read More
Research & Publication

Description of herbal and T&CM research, searchable publication and process from medicinal plant discovery to clinical trial in producing a high-quality registered herbal drug.

Read More
Traditional & Complementary Medicine (T&CM)


Definition and description of therapies, policy, training and education, research in the practise of (T&CM) and integrated medicine system.           

Read More


News Update

Announcement & Advertisement

Forthcoming Events

International Congress on Drug Delivery

From Mon, 5. October 2020 Until Tue, 6. October 2020

Global Pharmaceutical and Pharma Industry Conference

From Mon, 12. October 2020 Until Tue, 13. October 2020

14th International Conference on Pharmaceutics and Drug Safety

From Wed, 21. October 2020 Until Thu, 22. October 2020

Seminar Tumbuhan Ubatan, Beraroma dan Pegetahuan Tradisi 2020

From Tue, 10. November 2020 Until Wed, 11. November 2020

2nd International Conference on Natural Products & Traditional Medicine

From Mon, 16. November 2020 Until Tue, 17. November 2020

Euphorbia neriifolia L.


Euphorbia neriifolia L.




E. ligularia Roxb.

Vernacular Names

Malaysia Sesudu, sudu-sudu (Peninsular).
English Common milk hedge, hedge euphorbia, oleander spurge.
Indonesia Sudu-sudu, susudu, susuru.
Philippines Bait (Pampangan, Tagalog), soro-soro (Tagalog), sorog-sorog (Pampamgan, Tagalog).
Thailand Som chao (Central).
Vietnam x[uwl[ow]ng r[oof]ng, x[uwl[ow]ng r[oof]ng r[af]o, x[uw][ow]ng r[oof]ng ta.

Geographical Distributions

The distribution of Euphorbia neriifolia is probably of South-Asian origin, but nowadays locally cultivated and naturalising in Sri Lanka, India, Burma (Myanmar), Thailand and throughout the Malesian region except for Borneo; also occasionally cultivated in other tropical region except for Borneo; also occasionally cultivated in other tropical regions.


E. neriifolia is an armed, succulent shrub or small tree that can reach up to measure 8 m tall. The branches are obtusely 5-angular, with pairs of spines of measure 4-12 mm long that arise from the ribs.

The leaves are arranged alternate, obovate to narrowly oblanceolate in shape, with measuring (5-)15-30 cm x (1.5-)2-7.5 cm, wedge-shaped base to attenuate, rounded apex, entire margin and hairless.

The inflorescence is lateral, composed of 3-7 cyathia on short, rigid and forked peduncles while the bracts are ovate. The cyathia is with 5 oblong glands, which is measure 1.5-2 mm x 4-5 mm.

The smooth capsule is with a size measure 10-12 mm in diametre.

Ecology / Cultivation

E. neriifolia grows well in dry, often rocky places.

Line Drawing / Photograph


Read More

  1) Safety


1. Plant Resources of South-East Asia No. 12 (1): Medicinal and poisonous plants 1.

Explore Further

Consumer Data

Consumer data including medicinal herbs, dietary supplement monographs, health condition monographs and interactions and depletions.                                    

Read More
Professional Data

Professional data organized into medicinal herbs, dietary supplement monographs, health condition monographs, T&CM herbs, formulas, health conditions, interactions and depletions.

Read More
International Data

We offer International linkages to provide extensive content pertaining to many facets of T&CM as well as Integrated Medicine. Please register for access.    

Read More