Compilation of herbal plants (description, geographical distribution, taxonomy, line drawings), biodiversity and herbarium.

Read More
Research & Publication

Description of herbal and T&CM research, searchable publication and process from medicinal plant discovery to clinical trial in producing a high-quality registered herbal drug.

Read More
Traditional & Complementary Medicine (T&CM)


Definition and description of therapies, policy, training and education, research in the practise of (T&CM) and integrated medicine system.           

Read More


News Update

Announcement & Advertisement

Forthcoming Events

International Conference on Traditional Medicine and Phytochemistry 2021

From Mon, 12. July 2021 Until Wed, 14. July 2021

Asian Symposium on Medicinal Plants and Spices XVII (2020)

From Tue, 17. August 2021 Until Thu, 19. August 2021

Canarium hirsutum Willd.

Canarium hirsutum Willd.




Canarium hispidum Blume, C. multipinnatum Llanos, C. subcordatum Ridley.

Vernacular Names

Malaysia Kedondong (General), damar degun (Peninsular), kambayau  burong (Sabah).
Indonesia Ki bonteng (West Java), kanari jaki (northern Sulawesi), mede-mede (Moluccas).
Philippines Dulit (General), bakayan (Panay Bisaya), hagushus (Bikol).

Geographical Distributions

Peninsular Malaysia, Sumatra, Java, Borneo, the Philippines, Sulawesi, the Moluccas, New Guinea, the Caroline Islands (Palau) and the Solomon Islands.



Canarium hirsutum is a medium-sized, sometimes large tree that can reach up to 32(-48) m tall and with straight bole. It is branchless for up to 24(-36.5) m, measure up to 60(-200) cm in diametre and usually absent or with very small buttresses. The bark surface is greyish-brown to dark brown in colour. The stipules are absent or present and inserted at the base of the petiole.

The leaves are with 9-27 leaflets, thick rachis with sharp edges, gradually to rather abruptly short-acuminate leaflets at the apex, entire margin, variably pubescent to hairless and with 12-30 pairs of the secondary veins.

The inflorescence is an axillary where the male one is paniculate while the female one is subracemose. The flowers are measure 10-13 mm long and with 6 stamens.

The  fruit is measure about 20-63 mm x 17-45 mm and  is an ovoid in shape, circular in cross-section and usually with irritating reddish-brown hairs.


Ecology / Cultivation

C. hirsutum is locally rather common in primary and secondary forest in wet to well-drained locations, usually at low elevations, rarely up to 1800 m altitude.


Line Drawing / Photograph



    1. Plant Resources of South-East Asia No. 5 (2): Timber trees: Minor commercial timbers.

    Explore Further

    Consumer Data

    Consumer data including medicinal herbs, dietary supplement monographs, health condition monographs and interactions and depletions.                                    

    Read More
    Professional Data

    Professional data organized into medicinal herbs, dietary supplement monographs, health condition monographs, T&CM herbs, formulas, health conditions, interactions and depletions.

    Read More
    International Data

    We offer International linkages to provide extensive content pertaining to many facets of T&CM as well as Integrated Medicine. Please register for access.    

    Read More