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Zingiber amaricans Blume


No documentation.

Vernacular Names

Malaysia Lempoyang pahit [1][7]
Indonesia Lampuyang pahit, lampuyang kechil (Javanese); lampuyang emprit [2], lampuyang pait [6].

General Information


Zingiber amaricns is a member of the Zingiberaceae family. It is a herbaceous annual plant that goes into dormancy during unfavourable climatic conditions. The rhizome is small, bright yellow in colour and bitter in taste. The leaf stem can reach up to 75cm high. The leaves are lanceolate with acute apex and cuneate base. The upper surface of the leaf is green while the under surface is reddish. The inflorescence is spindle shaped, green when first appearing and turning red when matured. Flowers are yellowish white in colour. [2]

Plant Part Used


Chemical Constituents

Zerumbone; cholesterol; campesterol; stigmasterol; b-sitosterol. [3][4][5]

Traditional Used:

The rhizome of Z. amaricans is acrid, bitter with neutralizing effects and blood cleansing properties. It is considered as a stomachic. It has been used in the treatment of asthma, fatigue, diarrhoea, stomach ache, conception and used to stimulate appetite. [2][6] It is used in draughts for pain in the stomach coupled with cramps in the legs, for puerperal infection, and as a tonic. The rhizome is also used topically for fever and numb feet, and sometimes it can become a rubefacient or irritatant. [1][7]. 

Preclinical Data


Cytotoxic activity

The compound zerumbone isolated from the extract of the rhizome of Z. amaricans showed weak cytotoxic activity (IC50=6.88x10-2mmol/mL) against human lymphoblastic T leukaemia cells. [3][4][5]


No documentation

Teratogenic effects

No documentation

Clinical Data

Clinical Trials

No documentation

Adverse Effects in Human:

No documentation

Used in Certain Conditions

Pregnancy / Breastfeeding

No documentation

Age Limitations

Neonates / Adolescents

No documentation


No documentation

Chronic Disease Conditions

No documentation


Interactions with drugs

No documentation

Interactions with Other Herbs / Herbal Constituents

No documentation



No documentation

Case Reports

No documentation


  1. Burkill IH. A dictionary of the economic products of the Malay Peninsula. Volume 2. London: Published on behalf of the governments of the Straits settlements and Federated Malay states by the Crown agents for the colonies; 1935. p. 2293.
  2. Soedibyo BRAM., Alam Sumber Kesehatan: Manfaat dan kegunaan, Balai Pustaka, Jakarta 1997 pg. 245
  3. Riyanto S., Phytochemical studies and bioactivity tests of Murraya paniculata Jack., Aegle marmelos Correa and Zingiber amaricans Blume. Thesis of the degree of Doctor of Philosophy UPM January 2003. Available at Accessed on 30th April 2014
  4. Riyanto S., Identification of the isolated compounds from Zingiber amaricans Bl. rhizome Indonesian Journal of Chemistry, Vol 7(1) 2007
  5. Riyanto S., Sukari M. A., Rahmani M., Ali A. M. and Shaharudin N. Phytochemical and Bioactivity Studies of Zingiber amaricans Blume Res.J.chem. Environ Vol. 15(3) 2011
  6. Sastroamidjojo AS. Obat asli Indonesia. Jakarta: Penerbit Dian Rakyat; 1988. p. 350-351.
  7. Ismail N, Ismail Z, Manaf M, editors. Indeks tumbuhan ubat Malaysia. Selangor: Victus Semulajadi (M) Sdn Bhd. 1999. p. 69.

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