Malaysia National Forestry Policy 1978 (Revised 1993)

  • General Information

National Forestry Policy was introduced in 1978 to strengthen and uniformized the forest administration and management in Malaysia. The Policy was amended in 1993, in line with the resolutions made by UNCED Conference in Rio de Janeiro (1992), enhances the need for sustainable management of forest resources in the country (1) (2). The revised National Forestry Policy 1978 plays an important part for the success of Vision 2020, and for the nation's aspiration in providing a better living quality for the future generation. The National Forestry Policy 1978 (Revised 1993) aims to conserve and manage the forest through sustainable management and maintain its important roles in the national economy and preservation of environmental stability (2).

Briefly, the National Forestry Policy aims to achieve the following objectives:

  • Permanent Forest Estate
  • To set aside sufficient areas of land strategically located throughout the country as Protection Forest, Production Forest, Amenity Forest, and Research and Education Forest as Permanent Forest Estate.
  • Forest Legislation
  • To ensure the preservation and sustainable management of forest resources through efficient forest law enforcement.
  • Sustainable Forest Management
  • To manage the forest in accordance with the principles of sustainable yield management in order to maximise social, economic and environmental benefits of the nation and its people.
  • Forest Regeneration and Rehabilitation
  • To upgrade programme of forest development through regeneration and rehabilitation operations in accordance with appropriate silvicultural practices to achieve maximum productivity.
  • Forest Harvesting
  • To promote efficient harvesting methods within the prescribed forest management and efficient harvesting plans for maximum economic benefits from all forms of forest produce.
  • Forest Products and Industries
  • To attain a rational balance between the national industrial processing capacity and resource availability.
  • Bumiputra Participation
  • To continue promoting Bumiputra participation in the field of wood-based industries parallel with the Government's National Development Policy.
  • Forest Plantation
  • To establish and manage forest plantations of indigenous and exotic species to supplement timber supply from the natural forest and to promote active private sector investments in the establishment and development of forest plantations on private lands.
  • Agro-forestry
  • To promote active involvement of local community in agro-forestry projects.
  • Non-wood Forest Product
  • To increase non-wood forest products for local consumption and to meet the need of related industries through scientific and sustainable management practices.
  • Forestry Research
  • To encourage and support public and private sectors involvement in promoting scientific research for the purpose of enhancing maximum benefits from the forest.
  • Manpower Development and Training
  • To increase trained manpower to meet the requirement of the forestry and wood-based industries.
  • Forestry Education and Extension
  • To promote forestry education at all levels and to undertake publicity and extension services in order to generate better understanding among the public on multiple values of forest.
  • Conservation of Biological Diversity
  • To carry out appropriate programmes for the conservation of unique species of flora and fauna.
  • Community Forestry, Recreation and Tourism
  • To encourage active involvement of local community in forestry development projects by developing community forestry programme and provide facilities for recreation and tourism.
  • Special Scientific Values
  • To set aside specific areas for the purpose of forestry education and scientific studies.
  • International Co-operation
  • To foster closer international communication and co-operation in order to achieve a better understanding in the management and development of tropical rain forests (2).


  • Contact Details

Forestry Department Peninsular Malaysia (Headquarters)
Ibu Pejabat Perhutanan Semenanjung Malaysia
Jalan Sultan Salahuddin
50660 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
Tel: +603-2616 4488
Fax: +603-2692 5657

Forest Research Institute Malaysia (FRIM)
52109 Kepong
Selangor Darul Ehsan, Malaysia
Tel: 603-6279 7000
Fax: +603-6273 1314


  1. Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment (NRE). Core business NRE; forestry. Malaysia [updated 2012 Oct 24; cited 2012 Oct 24]. Available from:
  2. Malaysian Timber Council (MTC). National forestry policy 1978 (revised 1993). Malaysia [updated 2008 Aug 16, cited 2012 Oct 24]. Available from: