Compilation of herbal plants (description, geographical distribution, taxonomy, line drawings), biodiversity and herbarium.

Read More
Research & Publication

Description of herbal and T&CM research, searchable publication and process from medicinal plant discovery to clinical trial in producing a high-quality registered herbal drug.

Read More
Traditional & Complementary Medicine (T&CM)


Definition and description of therapies, policy, training and education, research in the practise of (T&CM) and integrated medicine system.           

Read More


News Update

Announcement & Advertisement

Forthcoming Events

International Congress on Drug Delivery

From Mon, 5. October 2020 Until Tue, 6. October 2020

Global Pharmaceutical and Pharma Industry Conference

From Mon, 12. October 2020 Until Tue, 13. October 2020

14th International Conference on Pharmaceutics and Drug Safety

From Wed, 21. October 2020 Until Thu, 22. October 2020

Seminar Tumbuhan Ubatan, Beraroma dan Pegetahuan Tradisi 2020

From Tue, 10. November 2020 Until Wed, 11. November 2020

2nd International Conference on Natural Products & Traditional Medicine

From Mon, 16. November 2020 Until Tue, 17. November 2020

Justicia gendarussa

Justicia gendarussa




Gendarussa vulgaris Nees.

Vernacular Names

Malaysia Gandarusa, temenggong melela, urat sugi (Peninsular).
Indonesia Gandarusa (General), besi-besi (Aceh), kawo (Seram).
Philippines Kapanitulot (Tagalog), bunlao(Bisaya), tagpayan (Iloko).
Thailand Chiang phraa man (Central), pong dam (Trat), kraduuk kaidam (Northern).
Vietnam t[aaf]n c[uwr]u, thu[oos]c tr[awj]c, t[aaf]n giao.

Geographical Distributions

This plant is well distributed in Pakistan, India, Sri Lanka, Indo-China, China, Thailand, Peninsular Malaysia, Java, the Moluccas and the Philippines; possibly a native of China, but now much cultivated and naturalised.


This is a shrub up to 150 cm tall. The stems are cylindrical and usually the young twigs are dark purple.

The leaves are linear-lance-shaped size 5-20 cm x 1-3.5 cm, with up to 1 cm long stalk.

The inflorescence is a spike with lance-shaped bracts and about 4 mm long. The flowers are 1.5-2 cm long, white with purplish streaks and with spots on the inside.

The fruit is club-shaped to ellipsoid, about 1.3 cm long and smooth.

Ecology / Cultivation

J. gendarussa is cultivated, and naturalised in forest, forest borders and on river banks in Java, up to 1500 m altitude. In the Philippines, it often grows along streams in primary and secondary forest.

Line Drawing / Photograph


Read More

  1)  Safety


  1. Plant Resources of South-East Asia No 12(2). 1998, Unesco.

Explore Further

Consumer Data

Consumer data including medicinal herbs, dietary supplement monographs, health condition monographs and interactions and depletions.                                    

Read More
Professional Data

Professional data organized into medicinal herbs, dietary supplement monographs, health condition monographs, T&CM herbs, formulas, health conditions, interactions and depletions.

Read More
International Data

We offer International linkages to provide extensive content pertaining to many facets of T&CM as well as Integrated Medicine. Please register for access.    

Read More