Floscopa scandens Lour.

Floscopa scandens Lour.





Vernacular Names

Malaysia Hawar-hawar, rumput tapak itek, rumput johong beraleh (Peninsular).
Philippines Pugad-labuyo, aligbangon (Tagalog), sambilau (Samar-Leyte Bisaya).
Thailand Phak bieo (Chiang Rai), phak plaap (Central), yaa plong khon (Nakhon Ratchasima).
Vietnam C[or] d[aaf]u r[if]u hoa ch[uf]y, d[aaf]u r[if]u leo.

Geographical Distributions

F. scandens is widely distributed from Nepal, India and Sri Lanka, through Burma (Myanmar), Indo-China, southern China, Thailand and throughout the Malaysian region, to northern Australia.


This is a perennial herb, which can grow up to 100 cm tall. It erects from a creeping base.

Leaves are arranged spirally, simple and entire, lance-shaped, 3-10 cm x 1-3.5 cm, acute, hairy, with distinct parallel veins.  

Inflorescence is terminal, sometimes axillary cyme that is about 2-10 cm long, dense and many-flowered, with racemiform branches and densely patently glandular-hairy. Flowers are bisexual, slightly zygomorphic, 3-merous and small. The pedicel is 1.5-3 mm long. Sepals are ovate to oblong, 2.5-3.5 mm long, free, greenish to violet and long glandular-hairy outside. Its violet petals are slightly longer than sepals, the posterior ones is oblong while the anterior one is narrower and lance-shaped, free and hairy.There are 6 stamens, all fertile and slightly unequal. The ovary is superior, 2-celled, short stalk, 1 style, sometimes 2.

Fruit is an ellipsoid capsule, about 3 mm long, enclosed by the sepal, loculicidally opens with 2 valves and 2-seeded.

Seeds are oblong-ellipsoid, about 2 mm long and ribbed.

Ecology / Cultivation

F. scandens occurs along watersides, in swampy, sunny or shaded localities, up to 1500 m altitude.

Line Drawing / Photograph



  1. Plant Resources of South-East Asia No.12(3): Medicinal and poisonous plants 3.