Dischidia major (Vahl) Merr.

Dischidia major (Vahl) Merr.

Family

Asclepiadaceae

Synonyms

Dischidia rafflesiana Wallich.

Vernacular Names

Malaysia Akar kul, akar banok, akar bani (Peninsular).
Thailand Chuk rohini (Central), kluai mai (Northern),thao phung pla (Eastern, Ranong).
Vietnam Song ly to, d[aa]y m[or] qu[aj].

Geographical Distributions

Its distribution is throughout Eastern India, Burma (Myanmar), Indo-China, Thailand, Peninsular Malaysia, Sumatra, Java, Borneo, the Philippines, Timor, Sulawesi, New Guinea and north-eastern Australia.

Description

D. major is an epiphytic, climbing herb with nearly smooth stem.

There are 2 types of leaves: flat-orbicular, 2-3 cm in diametre and 6-12 cm long pitcher-form ones which are lying flat to the surface host.

The inflorescence is with 0.5-5 cm long peduncle, simple or bifid. The petal is 8-10 mm long, yellow-green and there are lobes inside with short white hairs.

Ecology / Cultivation

D. major is locally common in sunny and slightly shaded localities in open forest up to 1000 m altitude, also in secondary forest and mangrove forest, and on roadside trees, often hanging down in long garlands.

Line Drawing / Photograph

Dischidia_major_Vahl_Merr

References

  1. Plant Resources of South-East Asia No.12(3): Medicinal and poisonous plants 3.