Adenosma indiana (Lour.) Merr.

Adenosma indiana (Lour.) Merr.




Adenosma capitata (Benth.) Benth. ex Hance, Adenosma buchneroides Bonati, Adenosmabilabiata (Roxb.) Merr.

Vernacular Names

Malaysia Rumput kuching-kuching, ruku hutan, tasek-tasek (Peninsular).
Cambodia Mréch' te:hs (General).
Laos Hnha:z khauz kamx (Sedone).
Thailand Phrik kratai (South-eastern), kratai cham (South-western), khao kam (Eastern).
Vietnam Nh[aa]n tr[aaf]n hoa d[aaf]u, b[oof] b[oof], ch[ef] n[ooj]i.

Geographical Distributions

It can be found throughout India, Sri Lanka, Burma (Myanmar), Indo-China, southern China, Thailand, Peninsular Malaysia, Java, Borneo and the Philippines.


A. indiana is an erect annual herb that can grow up to 70 cm tall. The stems are white-hirsute.

The petal is violet, 5-6 mm long and smooth outside.

The fruit is 3.5 mm x 2.5 mm.

Ecology / Cultivation

A. indiana occurs in open deciduous forest, open shady grassland, rice fields and along watercourses up to 1200 m altitude.

Line Drawing / Photograph



  1. Plant Resources of South-East Asia No.12(3): Medicinal and poisonous plants 3.