Polyalthia longifolia (Sonn.) Thwaites

Polyalthia longifolia (Sonn.) Thwaites

Family

Annonaceae

Synonyms

None

Vernacular Names

English Green champa, Indian mast tree

Geographical Distributions

This plant is native to southern India and Sri Lanka; planted in Southeast Asia, e.g. in Peninsular Malaysia and Java.

Description

P. longifolia is a small to medium-sized tree up to 25 m tall, with a straight bole, dense crown and hairless twigs.

The leaves are ovate-oblong to narrowly lance-shaped, 11-22 cm x 2-4.5(-6) cm, wedge-shaped to rounded at base, wavy at margins, membranous and 4-8 mm long petiole.

Flowers are in axils of leaves or fallen leaves and usually numerous. The petals are narrowly lance-shaped, up to 1.2 cm long and greenish-yellow.

The monocarps are nearly globular to ovoid, 2-2.5 cm long while the stalk is 8-12 mm long and 1-seeded.

Ecology / Cultivation

P. longifolia is planted as an ornamental, roadside and shade tree, sometimes in lower montane forest, up to 1200 m altitude.

Line Drawing / Photograph

BOT00151

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References

  1. Plant Resources of South-East Asia No.12(3): Medicinal and poisonous plants 3.