Polyalthia longifolia (Sonn.) Thwaites

Polyalthia longifolia (Sonn.) Thwaites





Vernacular Names

English Green champa, Indian mast tree

Geographical Distributions

This plant is native to southern India and Sri Lanka; planted in Southeast Asia, e.g. in Peninsular Malaysia and Java.


P. longifolia is a small to medium-sized tree up to 25 m tall, with a straight bole, dense crown and hairless twigs.

The leaves are ovate-oblong to narrowly lance-shaped, 11-22 cm x 2-4.5(-6) cm, wedge-shaped to rounded at base, wavy at margins, membranous and 4-8 mm long petiole.

Flowers are in axils of leaves or fallen leaves and usually numerous. The petals are narrowly lance-shaped, up to 1.2 cm long and greenish-yellow.

The monocarps are nearly globular to ovoid, 2-2.5 cm long while the stalk is 8-12 mm long and 1-seeded.

Ecology / Cultivation

P. longifolia is planted as an ornamental, roadside and shade tree, sometimes in lower montane forest, up to 1200 m altitude.

Line Drawing / Photograph


Read More

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  1. Plant Resources of South-East Asia No.12(3): Medicinal and poisonous plants 3.